Apartheid of Southern Africa

Racial Segregation

The Problem and the Goal

    • The Apartheid was a time of racial segregation between the Europeans and the Black South Africans and other non-European people in South Africa. The non-Europeans were forced to live in separate areas and use different facilities.
    • Apartheid is a former policy of segregation and political and economic discrimination against mainly found in Southern Africa
    • It was created to separate the non-Europeans from the Europeans who were considered surperior

Key Episodies or Events

  • In 1963 Nelson Mandela was imprisoned
  • In 1976 when thousands of black childern spoke out by using a different language than they were required to and police opened fire on the children with bullets and tear gas
  • In 1973 the United Nations got involved by denouncing the Apartheid
  • The United States and Britain imposed sanctions in 1985

Participants and key Players

    • The two main people that participated in the Apartheid were Nelson Mandela and F. W. de Klerk
    • Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for being an anit-aparthied leader. His imprisonment would draw attention to help support his cause.
    • After Nelson Mandela was released from jail in 1990 he work closly with the President to create a new constitution.1991, the government of President F.W. de Klerk began to repeal most of the legislation that the Apartheid had brought. They lifted laws that provided the foundation for the Apartheid.

Where/ When

The Apartheid occurred between the years of 1948 to 1991.The Apratheid mostly happened in South Africa but has heppened in other parts of Africa. Other parts of the world have similar laws too. One example would be the civil rights movement in the United States.

Resolution or the Outcome

With the help of sanctions and pressure from the United Nations the apartheid was forced to end. The Population Registration Act was repealed by the new government. Other laws that formed the basis for the apartheid were removed. Later when the new leaders were elected it was official.

Theme, Lesson, and the Aftermath

The end of the apartheid signaled a new beginning for South Africa. It has tried and was successful in becoming a pretty normal country. The wound left from the apartheid is far from healed but they are on the right track. New government has taken over and eletions are held and they still need to build things like schools for their people.