Spanish society in the 19th century

Economy and industrialisation

The Industrial Revolution was late and only arrived in place like the Basque Country,Catalonia and the large cities.

Most of the population still worked in the fields England or Germany used advanced machinery.

Modern forms of transport: railway, didn't appear until the second half of the century.


The bourgeoisie became rich and they dominant social class.

The industrial Revolution brought social problems and very dificult working conditions and child exploitation.In rural areas live in extreme poverty political demands or the working class


At the beginning of the century revolutionary atmosphere and faraway places.


In the middle of the century show the most disadvantaged aspects of the industrial society.


At the end of the century technological advances on their work.

Art and culture

Artist portrayed the changes of the time and many artistic styles emerged

Generation of '98 (La generación del 98)

A group of writers and intelectuals who criticised Spanish society called modernisation

Scientifics advances

Several researchers scientific advanced example Ramón y Cajal