Canada in 2060

What will Canada look like demographically?

Introduction

In the year 2060, Canada will be a dramatically different environment for us and our future children. These changes will effect us in terms of both job availability and demographically.

Immigration Trends

Canada's Need for Skilled/Economic Workers

Canada is encouraging skilled workers to immigrate to Canada to help their economy and services. Canada is currently experiencing a shortage in construction and medical workers. In the future, these shortages will grow larger with our decreasing population. It will be hard for us to keep hospitals open as well as maintaining the quality and availability of our healthcare. In addition, houses may be more expensive due to lack of workers.
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Canada is competing for immigrants

As more countries become developed, Canada is having a harder time securing much needed immigration. Countries such as China and India are developing more industries, which is tempting possible immigrants to stay and find work in their home country. Also, Canada is losing a lot of their own population to the United States.

Key Prediction

Looking forward, Canada will have to work even harder and maybe even lower their standards so we can bring in immigrants that can keep our economy and population going strong. In addition, there will be a great need for nurses and construction workers.

Demography/Population Trends

Low Birth Rate

As Canada progresses to its later stages of development there is now a desire for smaller families, which results in a decreasing birth rate. After World War 2, the "baby boomers" were in their prime, keeping Canada at a steady birth rate of about 28 per 1,000 people. Today, that number has been cut in more than half! As of the past 2 years, Canada's birth rate has been around 10.20 and it is still going lower. This is the main reason we need to keep on bringing in skilled workers to support us and make children of their own.

Aging Population

Back when Canada was being formed to post-World War 2, we had plenty of young people coming here for a better life and to start a big family. In the present day, these people have aged to the point where they may even need help to stay in their homes. Unfortunately, their children and grand children have not followed in their footsteps to make a big family. Instead, the reduced amount of children is badly influencing the current workforce situation. With less youth to bear the load of our aging population, once again we must turn to immigration to help solve our problem.
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Key Prediction

We will need to increase our recruitment of skilled workers greatly to bear the load of our aging population. In addition, we need to invite people from less developed countries who have or plan on having big families.

First Nations

Residential Schools and Canada's Past

Canada has had a dark past with the aboriginals. We opened residential schools for them, which at first seemed like a kind gesture. Little did we know that these places are closer to prisons than actual schools. We began to abduct aboriginal children from a very early age where we would essentially brainwash them. They were taught OUR language and OUR religion. If they were caught speaking or practicing their native ways they would be beaten and punished severely. This has really left a scar on our relationship with the native people. In the future years, we need to work on repairing these relationships to better utilize our population.

Why we should fix the problem

We need to start treating first nations as equals. They need to have more rights and respect. We need to either change or remove the indian act, as it is a barrier to repairing the relationship. A website quotes: "The purpose of the act, as stated by its drafters, was to administer Indian affairs in such a way that Indian people would feel compelled to renounce their Indian status and join Canadian civilization as full members: a process called enfranchisement." This clearly isn't working. If we can work together as one nation, we can share resources and skills which will benefit our economy. Also, first nation's people are younger and have many more children than our average person. If we work together, we can sustain Canada's birth rate and jobs as we become a stage 4 and stage 5 country.
Wab Kinew On Strombo: Full Interview

Key Prediction

Moving forward, it is essential that we make peace with the first nations. We need each other to help keep our economy alive. By repairing the relationship, both of us gain knowledge and resources.

Conclusion

We never know what the future has in store for us, but we can take a good guess. The above statements show the path we are heading down as well as the paths we need to take to secure a safe future for us. Although our birth rate may be decreasing and our work load is increasing, we can turn to immigration as well as form new bonds to sustain ourselves.

Bibliography

"Canada's Aging Population." CBC. Web. <http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/canada-s-seniors-population-to-jump-workforce-decline-by-2063-1.2770359>.

"Indian Act." Wikipedia. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Act>.

"Residential Schools." Where Are the Children? Web. <http://wherearethechildren.ca/>.