Information on the game of badminton


Badminton originated in Europe and Asia, specifically China. Back then, badminton didn't have the name badminton yet. It was known as "Battledore". Battledore was usually played by the upper class. Playing battledore" was just two people hitting a shuttlecock back and fourth, with a bat like paddle, to see how many time they could hit it without it touching the ground. Then, in 1800, a game called "Poona" was being played in India. This was a more contemporary game. This included a net, where players would then hit the shuttlecock over the net. In the mid 1800's, British officers went back to England and introduced this new game. Back in England, the game was for the Duke of Beaufort's guests to play, at his home of "Badminton", hence the name badminton. The game became popular when it came to Gloucestershire, England at the Duke of Beaufort's home, "Badminton". In March 1898, was the first open tournament. In 1978, the first U.S badminton club was opened in New York. Badminton became an Olympic sport in the summer Olympics in 1992.


To play badminton for fun, you do not need much equipment. All you need is a badminton racket, a shuttlecock ( or birdie), a net, and an open space. But, to play more competitively, you would want to have the proper shoes, an nice racket, a net and a badminton court, and the proper attire you may need.

Types of Shots

In badminton, there are different shots for players to use so they can have the most successful shot they can. Those shots include...

Clear: Where a players hits the birdie overhand or underhand, sending it high and dropping it deep in the other players court.

Smash: Where the player hits overhead and hit the birdie forcefully, sending in hard into your opponent's court.

Drop shot: When a player uses an overhead shot to drop the birdie immediately after going over the net.

Hair pin: When a player uses an underhand shot to have the birdie travel low and drop close to net.

Drive: Where a player uses a forehand or backhand shot, hitting the birdie hard and fast, sending it to the back of your opponents court.

Serve: This is always and underhand shot, and you contact the birdie below your waist. A serve must always be cross-court as well.

Vocabulary and General Rules

To learn the general rules of Badminton, you must also know the vocabulary/terms used in badminton.

Fault: A violation of the rules.

Side- out: When the serving player/team has a loss of service

Birdie: Also known as a shuttlecock is the thing that the players hit back and fourth.

Let: An interference, which then the point is replayed.

Match: Winning two out of three games played.

Inning: A series where one team has the serve until the lose a rally.

Down: A series in which one person has the serve until they lose the rally.

Inside: The serving team

Out side: The team receiving the serve

Now on to the actual general rules of Badminton.

  • When serving, if you miss the birdie it is a re-do.
  • If the birdie land on the line on the court, it is considered in.
  • A player can hold their racket up to protect their face.
  • The sides of the badminton court are changed after every game.
  • After the serve, any player can contact the birdie and/ or play any position on the court. But they must return to the original, starting position for the next serve.
  • A player can step out of bounds to play the birdie, if needed.

Strategies To Play

Using badminton strategies will help increase your chances of winning more points in the game. Some strategies to use while playing badminton are...

  • Serve long and high to the back of your opponents court. Having your opponent have to go to the baseline will either make them struggle to hit it or it will open up the front of the court/forecourt.
  • When serving long and high, make sure to include some low serves once in a while to catch them off guard.
  • Pay attention to the serve/shot your opponent struggles to return, so you can use that to your advantage.
  • Make your shot go different places in the court to make your opponent move around, so they potential struggle to return it. But hitting it hard at their body can make it a hard shot for them too.
  • Return to a base position/favorable position to set yourself up to make a nice return shot.