Gallipoli - WWI

What do you really know?

Causes of World War 1

People think the main cause of World War 1 was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinard on the 28th of June 1914 but it was actually the long term causes such as MAIN. MAIN stands for militarism, imperialism, alliances and nationalism. Militarism is the policy of building up or creating a large military. Germany had the most advanced weapons when it came to combat. Imperialism is when a country attempts to extend its power and influence over other countries, through diplomacy or military force. Germany was trying to take over every country so they could to extend their land and power. Alliances is an agreement between two or more countries to help each other out and defend each other. Different alliances at the time included the allies Russia, France and Britain and the centrals included Germany, Austria-Hungary and Serbia. Nationalism is pride in one's country and believing that your country is better than others. Germany felt like they were the toughest country and no one could beat them.
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Australia's Involvement in the War

In 1914 Australia was involved with with the first world war because the Prime Minister at the time Andrew Fisher promised to Britain that Australian troops would be sent over to support them during the war as they were allies. Australia had a population of less than 5 million so they sent over as much troops to aid in the war as they possibly could.


Number Involved

Enlisted and served overseas: 324,000

Dead: 61,720

Wounded: 155,000

Prisoners of war: 4,044


Australia had sent 324,000 people into a death trap as the enemy forces were to strong. Although there were many deaths they were not forgotten as they were remembered as the ANZAC's (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps). The name became famous at the landing of the troops at Gallipolli Peninsula in Turkey on 25th April 1915.

Significant Battles

Many significant battles occurred for Australians during the first world war. Some of these battles included the Trench Warfare, the landing at Gallipolli in Turkey and the battle Fromelles on the Some in France.


Trench Warfare

The ANZAC's joined a war that started in 1914 which was along the Belgian coast to the border of Switzerland. On one side there was just the Germans and on the other side was the French, Belgian and British with deep dug in trenches 500 kilometres away from each other. Both sides were armed with the same artillery which led the battle into a stalemate because no one was going to go into no man's land and try to attack.


Gallipolli

The Australians landed at Gallipolli Peninsula in Turkey on the 25th April 1915 for their first time participating in a world war. The campaign of Gallipolli was a tragic event as it resulted in 7,600 Australian deaths and 2,500 New Zealand deaths and 19,000 Australians were wounded and 5,00 New Zealanders were wounded. With all the deaths and injuries Australia and New Zealand will still remember them as the mighty troops that fought for our country.


Fromelles on the Somme

The Battle of Somme lasted from July to November 1916 in order to break the stalemate. The Battle was an attempt to attack the Germans full on so that they would cut them off from supplies. This plan did not work as expected because as they attempted there attack they were not prepared for the heavy gun fire from the Germans. The failed attack resulted in 20,000 allied troops dead and only a gain of 1.5 km on the battlefield.

Impact of World War 1 for Australians at home

Every Australian citizen was impacted when our troops went off to war to fight. They were effected by many different things such as family issues, business, government, women had to step up more than usual and conscription.


Family

Families started losing money as there major bread winner was in the army going off to war. Men were away for 4 years making their children and wife miss them dearly. Children had to be in full support of war and do anything they could even if it involved giving money or making clothes.


Business

Businesses saw that there were good and bad effects of men going to war. Good effects were they made more money as the government bought more things of them such as war material and wool for uniforms. Bad effects were businesses found that they were short of labor and there was no body qualified to work as they needed training.


Government

The government had two main problems which was how to pay for war and how to maintain support for war. The Government had to pay $1,432,208,000 for the cost of war and the only way they could get this money was to borrow it. The government had to make a new tax so that they could pay off their debt. The government maintained support for the war by restricting everything that was against it and making the Germans look really evil.


Role of Women

Women were not involved with fighting because at the time women were perceived as weak. They served as members of the Australian Army Nursing service dealing with injuries of the troops and there suffering they went through. The nurses followed the Australian troops wherever they went so that they could care for them. In total 2.139 served overseas, 423 served in Australia, 25 died and 388 were acknowledged for their service in the war. Women were apart of different organisations that worked in Australia such as the Red Cross and the Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureau. The large amount of deaths meant that women had the entire responsibility of raising a household.


Conscription

Conscription is a compulsory service in armed forces. Billy Hughes the 7th prime minister of Australia was against conscription. His mind was eventually changed after a visit to Britain as he saw the troops were doing such a good job. After the visit Billy Hughes was convinced that he and Australia had to all they could for the troops at war. After a couple of years Britain introduced conscription and Billy Hughes added conscription to Australia as well.

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ANZAC Day

On the 25th of April Australian and New Zealand forces landed on Gallpolli and went off to fight. ANZAC day is celebrated by all Australians as it is a tribute of respect to all the troops that went to fight and sacrifice their lives. The Anzac's will never be forgotten as they were the mighty troops that were fighting for a greater cause.

Remembrance Day

Remembrance day is the day when the war ended and all was over. We remember every single person that had fallen victim to the war. We pay 1 minute of silence as respect to these troops and it that time we think of all of the fallen men and women. The poppy is also a major part of remembrance day as it was the only flower that could grow in no man's land. It symbolizes life on the battlefield and its redness is all the blood that has been lost.