Equality is Costly
By: Alexa Ryan
Civil Rights Contribution
Prior to the movement, many races were treated inferior to the rest of the population and that just wasn't right, nor was it constitutional. Blacks weren’t allowed to go to the same schools as the whites, the blacks weren’t offered the same education as the whites were receiving even if they wanted to, and they weren’t even allowed to drink,eat, or use the restroom where any white person has used. The movement changed all of that; it took years and took the lives of many incredible individuals but they didn’t die in vein. The things they fought for changed not only the way black viewed themselves but the way their Caucasian counterparts did as well. These black folk started holding their head higher and started to feel a sense of worth, like they were worthy of greatness and didn’t have to bow down to any higher power. Amendments were finally passed after years of constant struggle trying to end segregation, segregation was dwindling at a rapid pace; blacks could now eat, drink, or go to the bathroom at any place black or whites were, without having to think about whether or not they were breaking any laws because that was a white man's bathroom or a whites man's drinking fountain. Those were just baby steps in the changes that were being made due to the Civil Rights Movement, black candidates were starting to get elected to political offices in communities where blacks were once not allowed to vote. Along side that were the schools that never even considered allowing African American students attend their universities were recruiting them and offering them large scholarships so they could afford to attend. To connect how big of an impact the Civil Rights Movement had just look at who's in office right now. Barack Obama is a black man and he is also the United States President on his second term. If the Civil Rights Movement never happened things would be a lot different in the modern world and there would a very little chance that we would ever have a black President in office.
Civil Rights activist Rosa Parks refused to surrender her bus seat to a white passenger, spurring the Montgomery bus boycott and other efforts to end segregation.
"all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves who had just been freed after the Civil War."
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and a social activist, who led the Civil Rights Movement in the United States from the mid 1950's until his death by assassination in 1968
Hall of Fame
Fred Hampton (August 30, 1948 - December 4, 1969)
Hampton was an revolutionary chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Blank Panther Party, and deputy chairman of the national BPP. He was Murdered while sleeping at his apartment during a raid by a tactical unit of the Cook County, Illinois State's Attorney's Office. Hampton grew up in Maywood, a suburb west of the city with his parents. He graduated from Proviso East High School with honors in 1966, later he majored in pre-law at Triton Junior College. He had one son named Fred Hampton Jr. and he lived with his wife Debora Hampton.
George W. Lee (December 25, 1903 - May 7, 1955)
Malcom X (May 19, 1925 - Feb 21, 1965)
He was born with the name Malcolm Little he was an American Muslim and a human rights activist. On Feb 21, 1965, one week after his home was firebombed, Malcolm X was shot to death by Nation of Islam members while speaking at a rally of his organization in New York City. He was effectively orphaned early on in life because his father was killed and his mother was placed in a mental hospital. After many hardships and time spent in jail he rose to the top and became a father and a husband to his 6 children and wife named Betty.
Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement was unlike any other because it was peaceful and non-violent which was unlike most "wars" of the time. There were many different tactics that the civil rights leaders attempted to use; those tactics were the use of boycotts, marches, and rally speeches. One boycott that truly impacted society and showed the people that they were serious about fighting segregation and that was the Montgomery Bus Boycott. It all started on December 1st 1955 which was sparked by Rosa Parks. The boycott lasted a little over a year. All African American men and women refused to ride public transportation until they were given equal rights as the whites that rode the bus. The boycott was non-violent but had a huge impact on the bus business and the businesses around town. After a year, the movement made progress for equal rights.
Marches and speeches were also very impacting tactics. Those were also non-violent. These marches and speeches really united everyone hat was working for Civil Rights movement. it wasn't all peachy all the time violence did occur from time to time. For example the police would use excessive force on peaceful marchers and hare groups were active. Although violence was apparent but the peaceful strategies and tactics of the Civil Rights activists really made a long term impact.
Some of the most impactful speeches were by leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. because not only did people follow the movement but they liked what he had to say. His speeches were impactful and easy to understand they spoke of little words but the words that were spoken could be remembered for years to come.