How To Survive A Nuclear Attack
By Morgan, Riley, Jordan, and Garrett
Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Radiation
- Alpha radiation- Tiny particles that settle on everything (the soil, plants, water, etc.) as well as attach themselves to other things like airborne dust. If ingested, particles can cause damage to cells and tissues. Can be completely stopped by just a ordinary piece of paper or even human skin..
- Beta radiation- Will easily go through paper and even thin aluminum. Will do less harm to cells compared to alpha radiation. Can reach cells faster because beta radiation travels quicker and further than alpha radiation. Can cause serious damage to internal organs as well as injure eyes and burn skin. Can be stopped or shielded by wood or any other dense material.
- Gamma radiation- It can penetrate through your whole body and cause cell damage to blood, bone, and organs. It won't interfere with all of your body's molecules that make up your cells. You would need about 4 inches of lead to stop or "shield" the gamma rays.
Medical Effects of Radiation Exposure
- We chose a airlock entrance and four inches of lead because of the medical effects it could have on all the people in our bunker.
- If anyone in the bunker got effected by the radiation these would be the effects..
- 1 rem-nothing
- 10 rem- increased risk of cancer
- 100 rem-more risk of cancer/hair loss
- 500-1200 rem- most likely die within a few days
- We have an infirmary for those who were effected by radiation which include.... burns, radiation sickness(radiation poison)
- radiation sickness includes nausea, weakness, skin burns, diminished organ function, ageing and death
Effects on enviorment
- Since all water will become irradiated and unusable we have stocked up to last us for years.
- Soil will become polluted and plants will no longer be able to grow so we have an underground green house.
- The area around the explosion will be covered in radioactive dust
- It will rain radioactive rain
- A nuclear "Winter" will occur that will drop the temperature 10-15 degrees
- Plants and animals not protected will experience reproductive losses
Fission and Fusion Reactions
- Fission- Either a nuclear reaction or radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts.
Fusion- Nuclear reaction in which 2 or more atomic nuclei collide at high speeds and join to form a new type of atomic nucleus.
- An example of a fission bomb effect is the bombing of Nagasaki. Flash burns from primary heat waves caused most of the casualties. Others were burned from their homes bursting into flames. The bomb destroyed 39% of the buildings. Many were made homeless after the bomb hit.
- Fusion bomb effects are the same as those created by a nuclear weapon, heat blast, and radiation. But on a much larger scale. 5 out of the 15% gives off Gamma radiation.