The Georgia Colony
Founding of Georgia
The Georgia Colony was one of the original 13 colonies. It was was founded in 1732 by James Oglethorpe. It was named after King George II of England.The terms of the charter granted by the king specified that that colony was named after the king. The Georgia colony was established 50 years after the other 12 colonies. The Georgia Colony's major city was Savannah. It became a state on January 2, 1788.
About the Colony
Georgia was not dominated by any specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Anglicans, and others. Trade in the southern colonies included Tobacco, Cotton, Rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, farm products.
By 1775, Georgia was governed as a Royal Colony. A Royal Colony was ruled by officials responsible to and appointed by the reining sovereign of Great Britain. A Royal Colony was administrated by a royal governor and council that was appointed by the British crown. The Royal Colonies had a representative assembly that was elected by the people.
The Southern colonies, were the warmest of the three regions, winters not difficult to survive, but the hot and humid summers gave rise to the spread of disease. The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year and was ideally suited for plantations.
In colonial Georgia, men wear a linen shirt, a waistcoat, and breeches, while women wear five or six layers of clothing and a dress on top of that.
Colonial Georgia had many diseases including malaria, dysentery, and small pox. Fresh water was hard to find, swampy land bred disease-bearing insects, attacks by Indians and Spaniards killed many settlers and Georgia's trustee rule allowed no political freedom for colonial labors. The colony nearly failed within it's first year, although it struggled on until 1754, when the trustee rule ended and a royal governor was appointed.
The original name of the colony was The Province of Georgia, later named Georgia. William Stevens was named president of the entire colony of Georgia as James Oglethorpe was primarily focused on the defense of the colony during the war with Spain. The last American colony was Georgia, founded 50 years after the other twelve. The colony provide a refuge for persecuted protestants and a military presence between the other colonies in Spanish Florida.
The Georgia colony was founded by James Oglethorpe and other colonists in 1732.
Slavery in Georgia
Slavery was originally banned from Georgia, but was later legalized in 1751 after a petition occurred in 1749.
The Georgia Colony flag
This was the flag of colonial Georgia in 1732.