French Revolution

The early years

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Olympe de Gouges.

The Rights of Man

National Assembly adopted a statement of revolutionary ideas. The new document stated that "men are born and remain free and equal in rights" The rights were mainly about "Liberty, Property, security, resistance to oppression". To keep the focus they created a slogan, "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity". That however did not affect writher Olympe de Gouges when he published the declaration of the rights of women. Her ideas were rejected. In 1793, she then got executed.
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Legislative Assembly.

Legislative Assembly

By September 1791, the National Assembly finished the new constitution. It creaked a limited constitutional monarchy, stripped the king of his authority and created a new legislative body-the Legislative Assembly. This group had the power to created laws and approve or reject declarations of war. Even with the Legislative Assembly however, the king still had the executive power to enforce laws.


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The three general groups.

Problems continued

Even with the new government, issues seemed not to fade. Problems such as food shortages and government debt was also a huge problem. Since this was still such a big problem the Legislative Assembly split into three groups. Radicals, they sat on the left side of the hall. They are opposed to the idea of monarchy. They wanted to sweep changes in the way the government was ran. Moderates, they sat in the center of the hall and wanted some changes in the government, but not really as much as the radicals. Last but not lease the Conservatives sat on the right side of the hall, they had the idea of a limited monarchy and wanted only a few changes.


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Tuileries.

Let the war begin

In April 1792 the Legislative Assembly declared war. At first the war seemed like a hit and miss, it was starting out very badly. By the summer of 1792, the prussian forces were advancing onto Paris. The Prussian commander threatened to destroy paris if the revolutionaries harmed any more members of the royal family. Thus enraging the parisians even more, on august 10th, 20,000 men and women invaded the Tuileries palace. The mob massacred the guards and imprisoned Louis, Marie Antoinette and their children.
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Start of something big.

Ending.. just a little bit.

1794, members of the National Convention turned on Robespierre. Demanding his arrest and execution. On july 28th 1794 it radical phase of the Revolution finally ended due to Robespierre's death. The public opinion shifted quickly after his death. People were getting tired of the ridiculous prices, and other unnecessary things. in 1795 the moderate leaders finally made a new plan of government, the third since 1789. It gave all the power to the upper middle class, making two house legislator and executive body of five men. Also known as the Directory.