The New Deal

By Lainey Sandborg - 5th hour

What was it?

The New Deal was a series of programs in the United States from 1933 to 1938. In it were laws composed by Congress, and also President Franklin D. Roosevelt, during his first term. These programs were in response to the Great Depression, and focused on the 3 R's- Relief, Recovery, and Reform. Relief for the unemployed and poor, Recovery of the economy to normal levels, and Reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression. It produced a political realignment, which made the democratic party the majority. The republicans were split, and the conservatives opposed the entire New Deal as an enemy of business and growth. The liberals accepted some of the New Deal, and promised to make it more efficient.

The New Deal

Some historians believe there were two different New Deals. The "First New Deal" was from 1933-1934, and dealt with divers groups. From banking and railroads to industry and farming, which all of them needed help to survive in the economy. The "Second New Deal" was from 1935-1938, which was more liberal and more controversial. President Franklin Roosevelt tried to stabilize the economy and provide jobs to the people who were suffering from the Great Depression, for eight years. The government instituted many experimental projects and programs that were meant to restore some dignity and prosperity to the United States. The New Deal permanently changed the federal government's relationship with the entire population of the United States.


The New Deal in Three Minutes


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