Ebola Virus - Important Information

What you need to know

The Name

The virus is formally known as the "Ebola virus," however, it was previously referred to as the "Zaire ebolavirus." It is currently abbreviated to EBOV.

The Shape

EBOV is a filovirus, giving itself a string-like shape. What makes this virus so dangerous is that its viral envelope is formed through budding from the host cell's membrane; making it harder to detect for the immune system.


Transmission for EBOV is primarily direct contact (between broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluid from other people, surfaces or materials


Currently, there is only one vaccine that is available to treat and prevent EBOV; a health research institute in Russia has discovered it and has promised to not price gouge it and would share it with western laboratories.

Incubation Period and Symptoms

The World Health organization reports that the incubation period 2 to 21 days, which is a pretty wide range. It goes to show the unpredictable nature of EBOV.

Symptoms include:


Severe headache

Joint and muscle aches



Nausea and vomiting

Diarrhea (may be bloody)

Red eyes

Raised rash

Chest pain and cough

Stomach pain

Severe weight loss

Bleeding, usually from the eyes, and bruising (people near death may bleed from other orifices, such as ears, nose and rectum)

Internal bleeding