Breast Cancer

By: Josh Bell


Cancer is the name given to a collection of related diseases. In all types of cancer, some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues.

Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells. Normally, human cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place.

When cancer develops, however, this orderly process breaks down. As cells become more and more abnormal, old or damaged cells survive when they should die, and new cells form when they are not needed. These extra cells can divide without stopping and may form growths called tumors.

Breast Cancer

The breast is made up of glands called lobules that can make milk and thin tubes called ducts that carry the milk from the lobules to the nipple. Breast tissue also contains fat and connective tissue, lymph nodes, and blood vessels.

What Part of the body does it affect

It affect the breast it can affect the bones the liver and the lungs

What specific things/exposures can lead to this type of cancer?

Being a woman is the main risk factor for developing breast cancer.Your risk of developing breast cancer increases as you get older. About 1 out of 8 invasive breast cancers are found in women younger than 45, while about 2 of 3 invasive breast cancers are found in women age 55 or older.About 5% to 10% of breast cancer cases are thought to be hereditary, meaning that they result directly from gene defects inherited from a parent.

What are the symptoms, how do you know you have it? What are the effects?

Often there are no signs of breast cancer that you can see or feel. If there are signs, the more common ones include a lump, an area of thickening, or a dimple in the breast. Less common signs include breast swelling and redness.

What are the treatments, what is the survival rate for people with breast cancer

Local therapy is intended to treat a tumor at the site without affecting the rest of the body. Surgery and radiation therapy are examples of local therapies.Systemic therapy refers to drugs which can be given by mouth or directly into the bloodstream to reach cancer cells anywhere in the body. Chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy are systemic therapies. Stage 1 100%, Stage 2 93%, Stage 3 73%, Stage 4 22%