ANZAC DAY WAR MEMORIAL
25TH APRIL 2014
Information about the day
WAR MEMORIAL EVENT
Thursday, April 24th, 11:30am-4:30am
12:00- 12:45 pm- Short speeches by war veterans
12:45- 1:30 pm- 2 to 3 km March/walk around Melbourne CBD to remember the diggers.
1:30- 2:00 pm- Lunch (provided)
2:00- 3:30 pm- A Film about World War I
3:30- 4:30 pm- Tours in the Shrine of Remembrance
4:30- 4:35 pm- Service is concluded
Australian diggers in Fromelles. There also been Australian diggers found in Fromelles, France to learn more go to http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/05/28/2257679.htm?site=news
No man's land
Australian diggers charging through no-mans land
Where Australian diggers lie in Fromelles, France
Causes of World War I
- The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austrian throne) on 28th June 1914
- Which lead to Austria thinking that a Serbia assassinated the Archduke, so Austria declared war on Serbia. Then France and Russia backed Serbia.
- Then after this Germany, Great Britain and other countries got involved to protect their allies
- There are some other factors as well such as imperialism which is when a country takes over an others countries land. An example of this is when Germany took over a bit France land. This added tension which helped the war to break lose.
Australia's involvement in the war
- Fighting in the Western front (1916- 1918), Egypt & Palestine & Pacific (1916- 1918), Atlantic, Indian ocean & Mediterranean and north sea (1914) and at Gallipoli (1915)
- Gallipoli- Australians played a major role in the Allies' failed attempt to invade Turkey so they could give supplies to the Eastern front
- Western Front- All 5 Australian division taking part in the terrible fighting at front against Germany
- War at sea- The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) & the Australian Naval and military force escorted ships carrying troops to war and they also drove the Germans out of the pacific
Significant battles for Australians
The battle of Gallipoli was tough, The British had tried lots of tactics, one of them was the feint. The British ordered the troops from the Australian Light horse to make bayonet charges at the Nek to divert the Turkish troops. While the troops were moving the Australian diggers proceeded z to attack and capture the cliffs but they were unsuccessful. After this the ANZAC's withdrew from the campaign without the Turkish knowing.
Western front- After the Australian troops left for France in 1916 were they suffered a lot of trench warfare. The Australian 5th division took part in the battle of Fromelles where tried to do a feint to divert German soldiers reserve troops but they failed, in result there were 5000 casualties.
The Australian troops were also involved of the battle of Bullecourt in April 1917. The Australians were sent to attack the German trenches near Bullecourt but the tanks that were suppose to attack the Germans broke down, in result of that the Australian troops were bombarded by German counter attacks. Despite this, the troops gained courage & determination to capture and hold Bullecourt In May.
Impact of the Great War on Australians at home
During the war Australian was divided into two, one side was for the war and conscription and the other side was for against it. To persuade people to vote for conscription, the people made patriotic rallies such as Empire day, Allies day and ANZAC's day.