ANZAC DAY WAR MEMORIAL

25TH APRIL 2014

Information about the day

This day is about remembering the ANZAC's who made sacrifices so we Australians can be safe and have happy lives. So it is our turn to sacrifice a day for the soldiers who died for us. We can do this by walking around the Melbourne CBD and there would be other fun activities such as tours and movies. All families are invited to this event

WAR MEMORIAL EVENT

Thursday, April 24th, 11:30am-4:30am

Birdwood Avenue

Melbourne, VIC

Agenda

11:30 am- 12:00 pm- People start arriving


12:00- 12:45 pm- Short speeches by war veterans


12:45- 1:30 pm- 2 to 3 km March/walk around Melbourne CBD to remember the diggers.


1:30- 2:00 pm- Lunch (provided)


2:00- 3:30 pm- A Film about World War I


3:30- 4:30 pm- Tours in the Shrine of Remembrance


4:30- 4:35 pm- Service is concluded



Causes of World War I

The causes of World War I are :


  • The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austrian throne) on 28th June 1914


  • Which lead to Austria thinking that a Serbia assassinated the Archduke, so Austria declared war on Serbia. Then France and Russia backed Serbia.


  • Then after this Germany, Great Britain and other countries got involved to protect their allies


  • There are some other factors as well such as imperialism which is when a country takes over an others countries land. An example of this is when Germany took over a bit France land. This added tension which helped the war to break lose.

Australia's involvement in the war

Australian diggers were involved in the Great War and actually helped the allies to win battles. Some ways that Australians were involved the war are :


  • Fighting in the Western front (1916- 1918), Egypt & Palestine & Pacific (1916- 1918), Atlantic, Indian ocean & Mediterranean and north sea (1914) and at Gallipoli (1915)


  • Gallipoli- Australians played a major role in the Allies' failed attempt to invade Turkey so they could give supplies to the Eastern front

  • Western Front- All 5 Australian division taking part in the terrible fighting at front against Germany


  • War at sea- The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) & the Australian Naval and military force escorted ships carrying troops to war and they also drove the Germans out of the pacific

The Battle Of Gallipoli. Rare Film Footage.
Gallipoli - Trailer

Significant battles for Australians

Gallipoli- Gallipoli has great significance for most Australians. Between April and December 1915 thousands of young ANZAC's died on the beaches and cliffs in Gallipoli. Although this expedition was a failure, the courage and endurance of these which created the ANZAC legend.


The battle of Gallipoli was tough, The British had tried lots of tactics, one of them was the feint. The British ordered the troops from the Australian Light horse to make bayonet charges at the Nek to divert the Turkish troops. While the troops were moving the Australian diggers proceeded z to attack and capture the cliffs but they were unsuccessful. After this the ANZAC's withdrew from the campaign without the Turkish knowing.


Western front- After the Australian troops left for France in 1916 were they suffered a lot of trench warfare. The Australian 5th division took part in the battle of Fromelles where tried to do a feint to divert German soldiers reserve troops but they failed, in result there were 5000 casualties.

The Australian troops were also involved of the battle of Bullecourt in April 1917. The Australians were sent to attack the German trenches near Bullecourt but the tanks that were suppose to attack the Germans broke down, in result of that the Australian troops were bombarded by German counter attacks. Despite this, the troops gained courage & determination to capture and hold Bullecourt In May.

Impact of the Great War on Australians at home

During the first years of the war Australians believed that this war is the time for us to do our sacrifice for Great Britain. Commonwealth government gain new power to manage the war effort. They had the powers to silence people who criticized war. During the war Australians believed propaganda such as German soldiers raping nuns.


During the war Australian was divided into two, one side was for the war and conscription and the other side was for against it. To persuade people to vote for conscription, the people made patriotic rallies such as Empire day, Allies day and ANZAC's day.