Isabel Valentine

Thomas Hobbes

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Thomas Hobbes was an English enlightenment philosopher in the 1600's. His main concentration was on social and political order, how humans can live in peace, without war. He believed humans should obey the government, or other political power, and whatever other "state of nature", like civil wars are unavoidable, and human nature.

Contributions to English Government

Thomas Hobbes' political and social ideas, and his many works were not appreciated in England, and by the Puritans, who found his beliefs a direct attack on their Religion. His Works were considered to have little voice, Including "Levithan", which expressed his principle of materialism and the concept of social contract, was banned in England. And he was forbidden to publish anything else.
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Contributions to American Government

Hobbes' ideas were more appreciated in the U.S. His belief about law enforcement to prevent chaos of the state of nature, influenced the preamble of the constitution, including to "ensure domestic tranquility" and "promote general welfare". He contributed to the ideas of natural liberties in the constitution, (life, liberty, and property) and unalienable rights, which was the foundation of the Declaration of Independence. He believed that self-preservation was a natural instinct and that everyone had the right to life and the pursuit of happiness. Thomas Jefferson was heavily influenced by enlightenment thinkers like Hobbes', thus the creation of the declaration of independence.


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