Ottoman Architecture

Ottoman Architecture

The Grand Ottoman architecture derived from two sources. Ottoman architecture derived from both Islamic and European artistic traditions and thus, was a part of both. Ottoman architecture was built with a clear plan and logic. This is represented in that each element of their architecture contributes to the overall composition. Everything in the Ottoman buildings has been subordinated to the central dome. The unique identity for Ottoman architecture comes from two primary sources. The aesthetic and stylistic tradition that has stood as a symbol of architecture in Istanbul since the construction of the Hagia Sophia. The dome concept of architecture is traditional in Islam.
  • Christian art

    • Byzantine tradition, embodied in the Hagia Sophia, became a major source of inspiration

    • Byzantine influences were expressed through features such as

      • Stone and brick used together

      • Pendentive dome construction

    • The exterior facade of Ottoman buildings (windows, gates, and roofs) parallels that of Italian architecture showing the influence the early Ottoman contacts had their architecture
  • The complex development of new architectural forms

    • In addition to mosques, mausoleums, and madrasahs, the Ottomans built tekkes, a number of buildings housing dervishes (members of mystical fraternities) and other holy men who lived communally

      • Entire complex was known as the külliye

    • All Ottoman buildings developed the domed, central-plan structure, devised by the Seljuks in Anatolia

The permanence of Ottoman architecture can be seen in the Külliyes and mosques they built in Istanbul, most of which still stand today

Topkapi Saray

The Topkapi Saray preserves 300 years of Ottoman architecture. It is ornate with pavilions, halls, and fountains.
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