The Pueblo Revolt

A Case Study

What Happened?

From 1598 to 1680, the Spanish ruled the American Southwest with an iron fist. The Native American people that inhabited the Southwest, known as the Pueblos, had been subjected to total rule by means of terror and abuse for eight decades. In 1680, the Pueblos finally rebelled against their Spanish rulers, partially due to the Spanish forcing Christianity on them. Churches were burned and priests were killed, demonstrating the Pueblos' intense desire to return to their old ways. Leading the revolt was Popé, who coordinated the revolt by using "Runners," effectively spreading the message to neighboring tribes, and preventing the Spanish from getting an early warning of the revolt. This contributed greatly to the revolt's success.