The Food You Eat

Genetically Modified Foods and Organically Grown Foods

Genetically Modified Foods

Organically Grown Foods

What are Genetically Modified Foods?



Genetically modified organisms referred to the use of molecular biology by inserting a gene to a living organism, from a different species. Examples of crops that are genetically modified include corn, cotton, tomatoes, potatoes, soybeans, tobacco, rice, cranberries, papayas, raspberries, chrysanthemums, gladioli, petunias, poplars, spruce, and walnuts. In crop plants such as these, insect resistance and herbicide tolerance are mostly used.

ars.usda.gov/

What are Organically Grown Foods?

Organic food is produced without antibiotics, growth hormones, pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, and/or bio engineering Farmers who grow organically practice the use of renewable resources, and conservation of soil and water to try to enhance the environmental quality for generations in the future. Organic foods are approved and labeled after the farm is inspected. Organic foods will be labeled.

usda.gov

Pros Vs. Cons of Genetically Modified Foods

Pros:
  • Increased pest and disease resistance
  • Drought tolerance
  • Cold tolerance
  • Increased food supply
  • Foods ready at any season


Cons:


  • Accidental contamination between genetically modified and non-genetically modified foods
  • Adversely changing the nutrient content of a crop
  • Antibiotic Resistance in animals


Pros vs. Cons of Organically Grown Foods

Pros:


  • Organic farming reduces pollutants
  • Higher nutritional value
  • Fresh



Cons:


  • Expensive
  • Low Productivity
  • Certain Foods only grow in certain seasons

- ex. mangoes in summer only

  • Farming is labor intensive


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