Gospel Queen: Aretha Franklin

Delaney Sommers & Bryce Szymanski

Early life

  • Aretha Franklin was born on March 25.1942 in Memphis Tennessee.
  • When she was 6, her mom left her with her father singing in major cities.
  • Later on when she was 14, she made her first album called "The Gospel Sound."
  • Four years later she moved to New York City.
  • Her mother was a gospel singer and a pianist. Her father was a gospel singer.

Time Period

  • Took place in the 1960's and the 1980's.
  • The civil rights movement is taking place.
  • De segregation is taking place. Many people are singing protest music so oppose the separation of blacks and whites.
  • The Vietnam war begins to escalate and higher death tolls are taking place.
  • The women's rights movement is also taking place which is very important to Aretha.
  • The U.S. also put a man on the moon, Neil Armstrong.

Franklin's Influences

  • She was greatly influenced by Ray Charles (see picture). Aretha used some of his style in her own.
  • She was inspired my her mother and what she did.
  • Also, a family friend named Ward Singer inspired her.
  • Albertina Walker and Jackie Verdell were both musicians that influenced her.

Their Music

  • Aretha sings gospel for the most part, but she also sang blues, and jazz , at a certain point in her career.
  • She also sang secular and non secular music at certain points in her career. she sang solo. She was the only one singing.
  • Joined many record labels through her career.
  • She created a type of music called Mo town.
  • One of her most famous song was "Amazing Grace" in 1972.

Interesting Facts

  • Aretha Franklin was crowned gospel queen of soul music.
  • In 1987, she was the first women to be in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
  • On August 4, 1958 she was 21st on the top 100 preforming artists.
  • Her popularity quickly fell because of the disco period. After the disco period ended, her popularity rose again because of Luther Vandross.
  • Franklin is still alive today.