Effective Reading & Writing Instr.

By: Kelley Regan and Sheri Berkeley

Lindsey Jones - Section B - February 11, 2016

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Making the leap from knowing... to understanding!!!

What is Instructional Modeling and Why is it Important?

Instructional modeling is a necessary stage of effective instruction that helps students to analyze and apply new skills and strategies. By teachers incorporating cognitive learning strategies into their lessons, students find the confidence needed in learning to solve problems independently. This helps students to take pride, ownership, and control over their own learning.

3 Things to be Clear on When Implementing Cognitive Strategies

Questions for Teachers to Consider While Modeling in both Reading and Writing

1. Did I model when to use the strategy and why?

Students gain access to internal thinking processes


  • 2. Did I explicitly model how to use all of the strategy steps?

  • Don't skip steps!

  • Walk students through each step, sure not to miss any


  • 3. Did I model how to be flexible in strategy selection and application?

    Selecting strategies based on the demand of material

    Reading Strategies

  • Think-aloud
    • Teacher walks through problems while verbalizing and showing students how he/she is solving the problem.
    • Helps students to regulate their own attention, self-control, self-reinforcement, and strategy implementation.


  • Summarization strategy
    • Used after reading, not before or during
    • Helps students understand big/main ideas from reading
    Best Practice: Modeling Thinking for Students

    Writing Strategies

  • SRSD
    • Strategy for revising
    • Six-stage instruction with embedded self-regulatory skills


    STOP Strategy (Model It Step)

    • Suspend judgment
    • Take a side
    • Organize ideas
    • Plan as you write
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    3 Questions to Consider

    1. How could you modify certain cognitive instructional strategies to meet the needs of diverse learners?


    2. Have you experienced a teacher that instructed by modeling to students? Explain.


    3. What are some pros and cons of instructional modeling? Will you use instructional modeling in your future classroom?

    A BIG thank you to the following article....

    Regan, K. & Berkeley, S. (2011). Effective Reading and Writing Instruction: A Focus on Modeling. Intervention in School and Clinic, 47: 276. Retrieved from http://isc.sagepub.com/content/47/5/276