Macbeth´s Downfall

Joshua Thomas

Lady Macbeth is to blame

Even though Macbeth played a role in his own downfall, his wife, Lady Macbeth, was the prime reason. If it wasn't for her, Macbeth wouldn't have ever killed the king. The night King Duncan goes over to Macbeth's house to celebrate the honor of being named Thane of Cawdor, Macbeth was supposed to kill him. He, however, decides to back out and tells his wife, ¨We will proceed no further in this business¨(Scene 2 Act 2). Lady Macbeth then insults him when she said, ¨What beast wasn't then that made you break this enterprise to me? When you durst do it, then you were a man¨(Scene 2 Act 2). This is her way of insulting Macbeth's manhood in an attempt to convince him to do what he knows is wrong. He knows his actions were very wrong; he doesn't even want to see the outcome of his terrible deed. Lady Macbeth doesn't care how bad or evil the deed was, hence why she said, "If he do bleed, I'll gild the faces of the grooms withal, for it must seem their guilt" (act, scene). In other words, she'll do whatever necessary to cover up what has been done. In her attempt to cover up the Murder of King Duncan, she ends up driving Macbeth crazy by controlling his every action. When she forces him into keeping everything from everyone, his insanity eventually makes him start seeing ghosts. During the dinner party, Macbeth finally breaks when he sees the ghost of Banguo, which none of the others can see. He begins saying things such as, ¨Which of you have done this?¨(Act Three Scene Four) to the others at the table. At this point, it is obvious Macbeth has finally gone crazy from trying to cover up the murder for his wife. So in the end, Lady Macbeth is to blame for the downfall of Macbeth. Not only is she the reason he killed the king in the first place, but she also drove him crazy by being too controlling.


The play Macbeth is all about the tragic downfall of the main character, Macbeth. The tragedy begins from the moment Macbeth kills the king to when he himself gets killed by Macduff. This is why many people call the play The Tragedy of Macbeth, instead of just Macbeth; Macbeth is a tragedy in itself. Many tragic events occur including: the death of King Duncan, death of Banguo, death of Macduff's wife and children, and the death of Lady Macbeth. All these tragic events lead up to the death of Macbeth himself. According to the witch's prophesy, Macbeth believed "I bear a charmed life, which must not yield To one of a woman born." In other words, only someone naturally born from a woman can harm Macbeth. Macbeth mistakenly assumed all men were born of a woman and he would, therefore, only die of natural causes. In the end, however, It is his own assumptions that lead to the most tragic event, him getting killed.

Tragic Hero

Tragic hero is used in this play greatly; it is the whole reason for why Macbeth is eventually killed by Macduff. In the beginning of Macbeth, three witches tell him a prophesy to become king. One of the most important parts of the prophesy is that Macbeth will not be harmed by anyone born of a woman. After he hears this news, he believes he is indestructible and no one will ever be able to harm him. Macbeth assumed every one was born of a women; however, "Macduff was from his mother's womb Untimely ripped" (Act Five Scene Eight). In other words, Macduff was not naturally born of a women and is able to harm Macbeth. In the end, Macbeth's assumption is ultimately what gets him killed.


Right after the death of King Duncan, a bell rings and Macbeth states, "I go, and it is done. The bell invites me. Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell That summons thee to heaven, or to hell". (Act 2, Scene 1) The bell symbolizes death and it is implied that anytime someone dies a bell will ring, signifying it is time to go to either heaven or hell.

Presumed Innocent

Rozat "Rusty" Sabich - Harrison Ford (Macbeth)

Barbara Sabich - Bonnie Bedelia (Lady Macbeth)

In both Macbeth and Presumed Innocent, the wife is trying to cover up the murder of another human being. Throughout the cover up, both husbands were emotionally ruined. Macbeth was the one who committed the murder, but he did not want to do it. Being persuaded to cover it up by Lady Macbeth nearly drives him crazy as he starts seeing ghosts. In the end, he loses his life due to the crime he committed, but he had really lost everything prior to his death. In Presumed Innocent, the husband, played by Harrison Ford, is accused of a murder he did not commit. Throughout the movie, he attempts to prove his innocence while his wife, who committed the murder, tries to cover it up. In both instances the wives are ultimately responsible for their husband's downfall. Both men loose everything in life that was important to them, but only Macbeth looses his life all together.

Symbolic Piece of Art

This is a great picture to show who is to blame for Macbeth's downfall. This picture shows Lady Macbeth, the girl in the white dress, making Macbeth, the man with blood on his clothes, do all the dirty work as she sits and acts all innocent. This is the part of the play where she is telling him to "Go get some water And wash [the] filthy witness from [his] hand" (Scene 2 Act 2). She also says "Go carry them and smear The sleepy grooms with blood" (Scene 2 Act 2). As if shes trying to control his every move to cover up the deed, which is what drives him crazy in the end.