The Cold War

Alexia Rudnicki

The Cold War:

It was conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union in which neither nation directly confronted each other on the battlefield, it involved global affairs and US foreign policies, the end goal was to be the best or number one world power. It was an era of distrust between the US and USSR. Both had nuclear threats, and there was an ideological difference. The ideologogy that differed was that the US had democratic & capitalism views and the views for the USSR was communism& totalitarianism government. The cold war was from July 1945 - December 1991 or the breakup of the Soviet Union.

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The main combantants

The main combatants were the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. The less major combatants were the western european nations such as Belgium, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, and Portugal with the nato alliance. Others that where involved with the United Nations (50 nations represented),eastern countries for the USSR. Taiwan was involved, and the countries involved with the NATO pact was involved.

There where 4 permanent countries (also known as the four policemen) the United States, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, and China.

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Nikita Khrushchev

was an emerged leader in the USSR after the death of Stalin. He supported the change in her form and he criticized Stalin's methods behind his back. He also became the premiere of the USSR in 1958-1964. This affects the cold war because he was serving as the premier during the time of the cold war. Khrushchev instigated the Cuban Missile Crisis by placing nuclear weapons close (90 miles) to the United States base in Florida. He initiated the process of "De-Stalinization" which made the Soviet society less repressive.

Ronald Reagan

was president of the United States during the end of the COld war . He was president from 1981 to 1989. Reagan was important to the Cold War because he was one of the individuals that played a part in its ending. In 1986, Ronald Reagan and Gorbachev discussed the ending of all nuclear weapons, it was not a success, But it paved the way for the 1987 treaty on intermediate range nuclear forces missiles, the first to illuminate a class of nuclear weapons.

Space Monkeys

Space monkeys were the first beings to go into space. The United States launched monkeys as a test before sending people to the moon. The US started sending monkeys to space in 1948 to 1961. The USSR started sending monkeys to space in 1969 to 1985. The sending of monkeys into space was a part of the space race, which was during the Cold War. The space race was a competition between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R which consosted of who could explore space, it was just another competition between them to see who was the best and most powerful world power.


After the Soviet atomic bomb creation was a success, the idea of building a hydrogen bomb was very popular in the United States. In this type of bomb, deuterium and tritium (hydrogen isotopes) are fused into helium, thereby releasing energy. There is no limit on the destructoion that is created with this weapon is immense. It was created by a group of scientists led by Edward Teller but ordered by Presdent Truman. The first test detonation was on November 1, 1952.
The Truman Doctrine- offered U.S. assistance to any nation threatened by communism ( it was an informal act viewed by the Soviet Union as a declaration of war.)

The Marshall Plan- was created by the secretary of state, (Marshall) offered aid to help Europe recover; The industry revived and Western Europe became a bonanza for U.S. trade and consumer goods , the "communist threat" ended.

The Bay of Pigs

The unsuccessful invasion of Cuba, in 1961 by the US forces in an attempt to overthrow communist rule. US attempted to invade southern Cuba with the CIA, but the mission was a failure.

The events around the world during the Cold War

Disney Land

Disneyland first opened in 1955 in Anaheim, California. It was a theme park, developed by Walt Disney and based around cartoon characters. It was designated as a place for family entertainment.


Television became popular in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Most large cities hadone station. Television sets in those days had 10 inch screens and played in black and white.

Marilyn Monroe

Marilyn Monroe was a popular "sex symbol" movie star. She acted, sang, and modeled. She was married to baseball player Joe Dimaggio and Arthur Miller. She was rumored to have relationships with President John F. Kennedy and Robert Kennedy, as well as mafia boss Joe Gianconna.

Mickey Mantle

Mickey Mantle was a great baseball player for the New York Yankee team. He played as a center fielder and first baseman as well as batting both left- and right-handed.