Shin Splints

Jarrad C


"Shin Splints," or medial tibial stress syndrome, is an injury common among runners. It is defined by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons as "pain along the inner edge of the tibia." This pain is caused by inflammation in muscles, tendons, and periosteum.

Causes and Symptoms

Shin splints are most commonly attributed to a recent intensification or change in workout routine. These changes, when combined with an imbalance in calf and shin muscles, result in stress on the shin. This stress may cause either myositis (inflammation of the muscle), tendinitis (inflammation of the tendon, or periostitis (inflammation of the periosteum). The resulting pain is most often felt along the inside edge of the tibia.

Treatment and Prevention

Shin splints can typically be treated with self-care. This includes massages, ice massages, heat, and a balanced diet. However, the most important aspect is rest. A rest period of at least two weeks without exercise is recommended. The easiest and most effective way of preventing shin splints is by wearing proper footwear and running on soft surfaces.