Non-Fiction Literary Terms


1. Objective

not influenced by personal feelings in considering and representing facts
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Example- "as happy as a clam"

Monday October 1, the science teacher called on Jimmy Owens to read his water cycle writing paper. Jimmy tried to be as objective as possible and let the writing paper speak for it's self.

2. subjective

based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions

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Example- Orange is the absolutely best color !

The football team was having a pep talk before the game and the players were having a subjective over what they were gonna do different in the game.

3. bias

prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another

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Example- favoring one person (unfair)

Luke always had said that his natural bias was to respect things as they were.

4. Credible/Valid

believable/ having a sound basis in logic or fact

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Examples- an argument or point of view

The man at WAL-MART had a valid complaint with a telephone call from a customer.

5. Counterargument

argument or reasoning put forward to oppose an idea or theory developed in another argument

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Example- controversial topics

Madison,Tyler,and Randy were consulted by the Wells Fargo bank, they advised him to not sign the check the clerk provided him, but Tyler's counterargument was successful.

6. Fallacy

a mistaken belief, esp. one based on unsound argument

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Examples- appeal to opinion (false)

The quote " lighting never strikes the same place twice" is considered a fallacy.

7. Tone

The general attitude of a piece of writing

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Example- could be both serious or humorous

In class today Mrs.Crow asked Alex to pay attention and write down the notes, his tone back to her was not so friendly.

8. Theme

An idea that pervades a work of literature

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Examples- crime and mystery / love and friendship

The kids in the class decided on a sport theme for their end of the year party.

9. Point of View

A particular attitude or way of considering a matter

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Examples- "I felt like I was getting drowned with shame"

Tyler was sitting on the bleachers at the baseball game and he couldn't see, so he had leaned forward so he had full point of view of the game.

10. Emotional Appeal

attempt to persuade the reader through and appeal to emotions, morals, or values

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Examples- errors in reasoning, suffering

The animal shelter commercial expressed their emotion appeal better than the cat shelter commercial.

11. Logical Appeal

attempt to persuade the reader based on statistics and facts; reasoning

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Examples- encouraging someone to quit smoking because of the health risk with tobacco products.

Rite Aid pharmacy had a banner above the door about logical appeals of why getting the flu shot was a good idea.

12. Rhetorical Question

asked in order to produce an effect or to make a statement rather than to elicit information

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Examples- Do you put the dry cloths in the washing machine?

Ryan asked Patrick a rhetorical question about boats.