Disciplinary Literacy

Should it replace general reading strategies?

Defining Disciplinary Literacy

  • Hierarchical model of reading skills (Shanahan & Shanahan, 2008)
  • Considered literacy of a domain vs. literacy in a domain (Ehren, 2012)
  • Disciplinary "habits of mind" (Zygouris-Coe, 2012) where reading, writing, and speaking are approached from an expert's or insider's perspective
  • Text dictates reading; reading moved "inside out" vs. "outside in" (Brozo et al, 2013)
  • Unique language, including vocabulary, sentence grammar, and use of symbols (Johnson et al, 2011)

Sociocultural Perspective

  • Learning and knowledge is situated in communities of practice (Lave & Wenger, 1991; Moje, 2011)
  • Knowledge in particular communities is necessary to participate in those communities (Moje, 2011)
  • Learning situated in specific contexts are developed through apprenticeship over time
  • (RAND, 2002)

Cognitive Perspective

  • Gough's (1972) "bottom up" information processing model is a linear model of reading
  • The simple view of reading (Gough & Tuner, 1986) says reading comprehension is a result of decoding skills and language comprehension
  • Direct and explicit strategy instruction (Rupley et al, 2009)
  • A narrow view of reading will promote a broad view of comprehension (Catts, 2009)

Specific Strategy Instruction

Content Area Teacher's Beliefs about Competency in Teaching Reading

  • Secondary teachers believe students should know how to read and write before coming to their class
  • See their role as teachers of content, rather than teachers of reading; however, they cannot be separated to the extent teachers believe (Hall, 2005)
  • Hesitant to fuse reading and content because they do not know how to support students' reading (Bean et al, 2012)
  • Unaware of the unique demands of their content area (Hall, 2005)
  • Generic strategies are blindly and uncritically forced open them (Brozo et al, 2013)
  • Feel as though students are not ready for these specific disciplinary strategies (Rainey & Moje, 2012)

Finding the Middle Ground

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(Barabara, 2014; Brozo et al, 2013; Cervetti, 2014; Duke, 2014; Ehren, 2012; Lee & Spratley, 2010; Townsend, 2014)
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Limitations of Disciplinary Literacy?