The Battle Of Fort Sumter

The Beginning Of The Civil War

About the Battle

The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–14, 1861) was the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina, that started theAmerican Civil War. Following declarations of secession by seven Southern states, South Carolina demanded that the U.S. Army abandon its facilities in Charleston Harbor. On December 26, 1860, U.S. Major Robert Andersonsurreptitiously moved his small command from the indefensible Fort Moultrie onSullivan's Island to Fort Sumter, a substantial fortress controlling the entrance of Charleston Harbor. An attempt by U.S. President James Buchanan to reinforce and resupply Anderson, using the unarmed merchant ship Star of the West, failed when it was fired upon by shore batteries on January 9, 1861. South Carolina authorities then seized all Federal property in the Charleston area, except for Fort Sumter.                                                        *taken from Wikipedia.org

Leaders,Units,Casualties,

leaders

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard May 28, 1818 – February 20, 1893) was a Louisiana-born American military officer, politician, inventor, writer, civil servant, and the first prominent general of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Today he is commonly referred to as P. G. T. Beauregard, but he rarely used his first name as an adult and signed correspondence as G. T. Beauregard                                                                                                                                     Robert Anderson (June 14, 1805 – October 26, 1871) was an American military leader. He served as a Union Army officer in the American Civil War, known for his defense of Fort Sumter when the Confederates bombarded it and forced its surrender to start the war. He is often referred to as Major Robert Anderson due to the rank he held as commander of Fort Sumter. After Sumter fell, Anderson was promoted to brigadier general and given command of Union forces in Kentucky, but was removed late in 1861 and reassigned to Rhode Island, before retiring from military service in 1863.                        *taken from Wikipedia.org

Weapons

Mostly artillery and cannons

units

Union-the 1st United States Artillery                                                                        Confederacy- Provisional Forces of the Confederate States

casualties

The only casualties were two union soldiers for firing a salute to the US flag

purpose

The purpose of this battle was to take Fort Sumter away from the Union because it was in the south
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