CANADA IN 2060

IMMIGRATION TRENDS

Top 3 Countries Immigrating to Canada:


China, India, and the Philippines are the top countries immigrating to Canada. In 2012, The number of immigrants from;


  • China - 33,018
  • Philippines - 32,747
  • India - 28,943

These countries accounted for 44.2% of the permanent residents living in Canada.


Push Factors:


Similar reasons why immigration occurred from these specific countries would be overpopulation. China's population was around 1.3 billion while India's was around 1.2 billion.


Another factor would be natural disasters. India had the Uttarakhand floods in 2013. China had a huge increase in floods over the past years.


Pull Factors:

Canada is in the top ten countries for immigration. This is because it has an impressive education system, job opportunities, and exceptional health care. In Countries like India, anything aside from hospitalization and emergencies must be paid up front. In Canada, health is provided either way.


Permanent Residents Immigrating to Ontario


In 2013, 103,494 immigrants settled in Ontario. That is almost 40% of the total immigrants (258,953) that came to Canada in that year.


Ontario has a variety of industries such as a cultivating crops, mining minerals, manufacturing automobiles, to designing software and technology. This means that people will most likely get the job that they want. Ontario is also very multicultural compared to other areas which makes it easier to settle in for newcomers.


Females Immigrating To Canada Compared to Male Immigrants


Over the past years. there have been more female immigrants than male immigrants. In 2013, there were 124,876 male immigrants and 134,077 female immigrants. In 2012, there were 126,469 male immigrants while there were 131,426 female immigrants.


There are more female immigrants than male immigrants because Canada is a world leader in promoting gender equality. Therefore, women would most definitely feel more comfortable living in Canada where they are equal to the man. Many other countries prioritize males. This could be why there are less males coming to Canada, because they have more privileges in their country.


Women in the workplace are treated as equals in Canada. This is a very positive thing considering the gender discrimination that occurred in the past and is occurring in other countries right now.

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Key Prediction

I predict that in 2060, the amount of permanent residents immigrating to Ontario will lessen. I believe this because at the rate this is going now, Ontario will become very overpopulated and the amount of people willing to live in Ontario will not be as me. At the current rate, there are over 100,000 people immigrating to Ontario each year, if this continues then there will be too many people. I think more people will begin moving to Upper Canada or other less populated provinces due to this.

POPULATION TRENDS

Canada's Natural Increase


In 2014, Canada's natural increase was 0.4%.


There are many possible reasons as to why this rate is low:


  • It is getting more and more expensive to raise children, so many people choose not to have them anymore. It costs $12,825 per year per child.
  • Women are well educated thus they choose to pursue a career
  • Many adults desire small families
  • Death rate is low (Canada is in stage 4)



Population Growth


Canada's population growth was 0.76% in 2014.


Canada is becoming more and more developed which means less and less people are giving birth. Canada is in stage 4 which means there is a low birth rate and a low death rate. This results in a low population growth.


Although Canada brings in quite a bit of immigrants every year, their natural increase is still low and they cannot stabilize their population just on immigrants. Canada's total population in 2014 was 35,540,400. This population is quite low compared to the size of the country. Therefore, a population growth of 0.76% is not sufficient to carry on Canada's population.


Birth Rate


Canada's birth rate in 2012 was 11 per 1000.

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In the map above, Canada has a very light color pink to represent their birth rate, which means that it has a low birth rate.

The birth rate is low because people do not desire a lot of children, or children at all. This is because raising children is expensive, and having many children would mean a large sum of money to pay.

Because Canada's education is good and is given to everyone, more people become educated. This means they do not have a lot of children compared to when they do not have education.

Key Prediction

In 2060, I believe that Canada's birth rate will increase. This is because at the moment we do not have a very high birth rate and soon we will reach Stage 5. In around thirty years I think that people will begin reproducing again due to the lack of people. Also because if there is a lower natural increase, people may decide to give birth because of this factor. I believe that because of a low population, the economy will decrease. Thus the expenses will also decrease. This may push citizens of Canada to begin reproducing again.

FIRST NATIONS, METIS & INUIT

Aboriginal Population Getting Younger


Aboriginal children aged 14 and under made up 28.0% of the total Aboriginal population and 7.0% of all children in Canada. Non-Aboriginal children aged 14 and under represented 16.5% of the total non-Aboriginal population.


The Aboriginal people have a shorter life expectancy, which is why the there are more children being born.

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In this graph, the percentage of Aboriginal population at the age of 0-14 years is 28%. This is 11.5% more than the Non-Aboriginal population


Aboriginal Employment Rate:


The Aboriginal employment rate in 2009 was 57%, this is 4.8% less than Non-Aboriginals.


The Aboriginals do not have a high employment rate due to the fact that they are discriminated against because of who they are. The Indian Act has still left impact, therefore many of them do not get jobs.

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Aboriginal Population Growth


The population growth for Aboriginals increased by 20.1% from 2006 to 2011.

This is because of Aboriginal womens' increasing fertility rate. As stated before, Aboriginals have a short life expectancy leading to an increase in population. This is caused by a lot of things such as; their standard of living. Aboriginals are not well off where they live, education and health wise. This leads to higher death rates and increasing birth rates, thus the natural increase becomes high as well.

Key Prediction

In 2060, I believe that Canada will be relying the Aboriginal population more. This is because the Aboriginal population is getting younger, which is the complete opposite of the Non-Aboriginals. Because the population is getting younger and the rest of Canada's is getting older, Canada will need Aboriginal workers and they will most likely rely on the Aboriginals for an increase in population. Even in 2015, Canada is in danger of a declining population, while the Aboriginal population is booming. And as the years go by, I believe the Aboriginal population will continue increasing thus Canada relying on them more.

SOURCES

Immigration Trends

Trend 1:

http://www.canadaimmigrants.com/immigration/statistics/canada-immigration-top-source-countries/

http://www.immigrationwatchcanada.org/

http://chatt.hdsb.ca/~1kalirairup/FOV1-0014194F/S109D78FF

http://www.chatt.hdsb.ca/~1hairecas/?OpenItemURL=S132826ED

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-15581450

http://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/china

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Income_inequality_in_China

http://www.indiatvnews.com/news/india/top-10-natural-disasters-that-rocked-india-29492.html?page=4

http://www.therichest.com/rich-list/most-popular/10-most-popular-countries-for-immigration/3/

http://india.angloinfo.com/healthcare/health-system/

Trend 2:

http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/statistics/facts2013/permanent/11.asp

https://www.ontario.ca/government/about-ontario

Trend 3:

http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/statistics/facts2013/permanent/02.asp#female

http://www.international.gc.ca/rights-droits/women-femmes/equality-egalite.aspx?lang=eng

http://www.livescience.com/18573-countries-gender-equality-ranking.html

Population Trends

Trend 1:

http://www.prb.org/DataFinder/Topic/Rankings.aspx?ind=16


Trend 2:

http://www.indexmundi.com/canada/population_growth_rate.html

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/140926/dq140926b-eng.htm


Trend 3:

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.CBRT.IN/countries?display=default

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.CBRT.IN/countries?display=map


First Nations, Metis & Inuit


Trend 1:

http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-011-x/99-011-x2011001-eng.cfm

http://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/aboriginal-population-soaring-getting-younger-survey-1.1272166


Trend 2:

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11-402-x/2011000/chap/ap-pa/ap-pa-eng.htm

Trend 3:

http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng.jsp?iid=36#foottext_1

http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng.jsp?iid=36#foot_1