CANADA IN 2060
Top 3 Countries Immigrating to Canada:
China, India, and the Philippines are the top countries immigrating to Canada. In 2012, The number of immigrants from;
- China - 33,018
- Philippines - 32,747
- India - 28,943
These countries accounted for 44.2% of the permanent residents living in Canada.
Similar reasons why immigration occurred from these specific countries would be overpopulation. China's population was around 1.3 billion while India's was around 1.2 billion.
Another factor would be natural disasters. India had the Uttarakhand floods in 2013. China had a huge increase in floods over the past years.
Canada is in the top ten countries for immigration. This is because it has an impressive education system, job opportunities, and exceptional health care. In Countries like India, anything aside from hospitalization and emergencies must be paid up front. In Canada, health is provided either way.
Permanent Residents Immigrating to Ontario
In 2013, 103,494 immigrants settled in Ontario. That is almost 40% of the total immigrants (258,953) that came to Canada in that year.
Ontario has a variety of industries such as a cultivating crops, mining minerals, manufacturing automobiles, to designing software and technology. This means that people will most likely get the job that they want. Ontario is also very multicultural compared to other areas which makes it easier to settle in for newcomers.
Females Immigrating To Canada Compared to Male Immigrants
Over the past years. there have been more female immigrants than male immigrants. In 2013, there were 124,876 male immigrants and 134,077 female immigrants. In 2012, there were 126,469 male immigrants while there were 131,426 female immigrants.
There are more female immigrants than male immigrants because Canada is a world leader in promoting gender equality. Therefore, women would most definitely feel more comfortable living in Canada where they are equal to the man. Many other countries prioritize males. This could be why there are less males coming to Canada, because they have more privileges in their country.
Women in the workplace are treated as equals in Canada. This is a very positive thing considering the gender discrimination that occurred in the past and is occurring in other countries right now.
In 2014, Canada's natural increase was 0.4%.
There are many possible reasons as to why this rate is low:
- It is getting more and more expensive to raise children, so many people choose not to have them anymore. It costs $12,825 per year per child.
- Women are well educated thus they choose to pursue a career
- Many adults desire small families
- Death rate is low (Canada is in stage 4)
Canada's population growth was 0.76% in 2014.
Canada is becoming more and more developed which means less and less people are giving birth. Canada is in stage 4 which means there is a low birth rate and a low death rate. This results in a low population growth.
Although Canada brings in quite a bit of immigrants every year, their natural increase is still low and they cannot stabilize their population just on immigrants. Canada's total population in 2014 was 35,540,400. This population is quite low compared to the size of the country. Therefore, a population growth of 0.76% is not sufficient to carry on Canada's population.
Canada's birth rate in 2012 was 11 per 1000.
The birth rate is low because people do not desire a lot of children, or children at all. This is because raising children is expensive, and having many children would mean a large sum of money to pay.
Because Canada's education is good and is given to everyone, more people become educated. This means they do not have a lot of children compared to when they do not have education.
FIRST NATIONS, METIS & INUIT
Aboriginal children aged 14 and under made up 28.0% of the total Aboriginal population and 7.0% of all children in Canada. Non-Aboriginal children aged 14 and under represented 16.5% of the total non-Aboriginal population.
The Aboriginal people have a shorter life expectancy, which is why the there are more children being born.
Aboriginal Employment Rate:
The Aboriginal employment rate in 2009 was 57%, this is 4.8% less than Non-Aboriginals.
The Aboriginals do not have a high employment rate due to the fact that they are discriminated against because of who they are. The Indian Act has still left impact, therefore many of them do not get jobs.
The population growth for Aboriginals increased by 20.1% from 2006 to 2011.
This is because of Aboriginal womens' increasing fertility rate. As stated before, Aboriginals have a short life expectancy leading to an increase in population. This is caused by a lot of things such as; their standard of living. Aboriginals are not well off where they live, education and health wise. This leads to higher death rates and increasing birth rates, thus the natural increase becomes high as well.
First Nations, Metis & Inuit