"The Lottery" & "Harrison Bergeron"

Melanie Chapina

Thesis:

Citizens should be able to have say in what happens in society in order to grant everybody assurance on their basic human rights

Summary

In “The Lottery” and “Harrison Bergeron”, both text discusses government control and manipulation of innocent citizens which leads to death. In the lottery the government was based off of tradition which involves the execution of someone yearly and was encouraged by Mr. Summers. In “Harrison Bergson” the citizens were all manipulated to restrict their abilities by using handicaps that the HG men gave out.

"The Lottery"

Quote: "Tessie Hutchinson was in the center of a cleared space by now, and she held her hands out desperately as the villagers moved in on her. "It isn't fair," she said. A stone hit her on the side of the head. Old Man Warner was saying, "Come on, come on, everyone." Steve Adams was in the front of the crowd of villagers, with Mrs. Graves beside him (Jackson,7)


Analysis: The 5th human right states that "no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.". In the lottery this human right was violated when the government aka Mr.Summers encouraged the people to throw stones at Mrs. Hutchinson even when she spoke out.

"Harrison Bergeron"

Quote: "It was then that Diana Moon Glampers, the Handicapper General, came into the studio with a double-barreled ten-gauge shotgun. She fired twice, and the Emperor and the Empress were dead before they hit the floor"


Analysis: The 19th human right states that "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers." which means people have the right to express themselves without interference. In the story this right is violated when pretty people had to wear mask, smart people had to wear those hearing aids, people with perfect eyesight had to wear special glasses to make it blurry and when some people (Harrison Bergeron) tried to speak out they were punished with death.

Violations of Human Rights Against Children

"Much of the violence against children, including physical violence, psychological violence, discrimination, neglect and maltreatment, remains hidden and is often socially approved."

Violations of Human Rights Against Women

"In a study in South Africa, 30 percent of girls report that their first sexual intercourse was forced."

Conclusion:

Citizens should be able to have say in what happens in society in order to grant everybody assurance to their basic human rights because if everybody's voice was heard we could shape a society that people would want to live in, if we did this we can destroy prejudice to protect minorities. In our future election I don't care who wins as long as basic human rights are protect.