War of 1812
Second War Between England and America
The War of 1812 helped make the United States a world power and also sparked our national pride.
What Caused This War?
Britain and France went to war once again in 1803. This caused men to go into the navy by force or without notice. Neither France or Britain excepted Americas offer of neutrality. After Britain denied America's declare, Britain continued to capture ships and kidnap sailors.
ll. Economic Problems:
The Embargo Act of 1807 was put in place by Thomas Jefferson to avoid war. The Embargo Act was an indication that Americans would cut off all trade with Europe. Jeffersons plan did avoid war and kept American ships safe. Although the American economy experience hardships without European trade.
lll. War Hawks Elected:
War Hawks were the twelve congress that wanted war against Britain. In 1810, new "War Hawk" congressmen were elected from the South and West. The West and South both were angry. The South was angered because Britain has damaged their trade with Europe. While, the West was angry at Britain and blamed them for Indian attacks on the frontier.
lV. Fighting in the West:
The Treaty of Greenville was put in place to create peace between the United States and the Tribes of Native Americans by making territory for each. Americans violated the Treaty and moved into Indian land. British troops were still in western forts and armed Indians attack Americans for invading.
See the Cause
The Chesapeake Affair
Fighting around the Chesapeake Bay
Battle of Baltimore
Fighting of New Orleans
Factories grew during the war and America depended less on British manufacturing.
William Henry Harrison and Andrew Jackson became national heros.
The federalist looked unpatriotic after the Hartford Convention and "died out."
America gained International respect and became a world power.
"Era of Good Feeling" occurred because America entered a period of nationalism.
Americans turned form Europe and look to expand into the west.
America created a unique culture distinct from Europe.