Johnson

How Johnson became president (takes over on Kennedy and then cover the election of 1964)

  • Was sworn into office immediately after JFK's assassination

  • Kept the majority of the Kennedy administration and stuck to JFK's policies

  • Democratic candidate: Lyndon B. Johnson v. Republican candidate: Barry Goldwater

  • Goldwater opposed the federal income tax, Social Security, TVA, civil rights legislation, the nuclear test-ban treaty and the Great Society

  • Popular votes: 43,129, 566 votes v. 27,178,188 votes, in favor of LBJ(Democratic)

  • Electoral votes: 486 votes v. 52 votes, in favor of LBJ(democratic)

  • Won election by a large margin, only Goldwater's home state Arizona, and 5 others in the Deep South supported him

2. The Great Society

  • LBJ's domestic program- New Deal-like reforms and welfare aimed to transform American life

  • Included the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Kennedy's stalled tax bill etc.

  • War on Poverty, Congress doubled the $ for the Office of Economic Opportunity to $2 million

  • Gave $1 million towards the development of the Appalachia region

  • Created the Department of Transportation ad Department of Housing and Development(HUD)

  • Appointed first black cabinet secretary Robert C. Weaver

  • Created the National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities to improve American cultural life

  • Big 4 Legislative achievements of the Great Society: Aid to education, medical care for the elderly, immigration reform, and new voting rights bill

  • Medicare for the elderly and Medicaid for the poor

  • Provided education aid directly to students

  • Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965- abolished the quota system from 1921 in which only a certain amount of immigrants from certain countries were allowed to immigrate

  • Project Head Start- improved education for underprivileged kids


3. 24th Amendment

  • Intimidation, literacy tests, and poll taxes continued to bar blacks from voting in the Southern states like Mississippi

  • 1964- Black movement in the South sought to open up the polling booths

  • 24th amendment- ratified in January of 1964, abolished the poll tax in federal elections


4. Tonkin Gulf Resolution and Vietnam War… focus on what happened while Johnson was in office

  • In early August 1964, two U.S. destroyers stationed in the Gulf of Tonkin in Vietnam radioed that they had been fired upon by North Vietnamese forces.

  • On August 7, 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.


5. Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act (Johnson’s Civil Rights)

  • This act, signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson on July 2, 1964, prohibited discrimination in public places, provided for the integration of schools and other public facilities, and made employment discrimination illegal. This document was the most sweeping civil rights legislation since Reconstruction.