Greek Cultural Contributions

Kenadie Daeger

Architecture

Greek architecture is known for its columns. There are three types of columns Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Other types of Greek art include pottery, sculptures, and paintings. Every city-state had a temple that was dedicated to a specific god. They went there to worship and make sacrifices. Some leaders like Pericles and Alexander the Great spread the Greek architecture throughout Europe.

We see Greek influence in architecture today in important buildings. The White House, Capital Building, Supreme Court, and the Lincoln Memorial all have columns that show Greek influence.

Government

Ancient Greek government is a direct democracy where everyone could voice their opinion and vote on laws. A council was chosen by a lottery and if you were 18 or older you were aspected to participate in government. To be a leader in ancient Greece you had to participate in government, you had to be eighteen or older, and you had to be a white, Greek male. The leaders in ancient Greece could only serve for one year and the council chose the knew leaders by holding a lottery. There were slaves in ancient Greece

and some of the wars that occurred were the Peloponnesian War and the Persian War.


Ancient Greek government has reflected on todays society. Today we have a democracy like they had in ancient Greece where people can vote. We also have to be over the age of eighteen to participate in government. We also have term limits today too. Presidents change every four years and can only serve two terms.

Philosophy

Some of the philosophers in ancient Greece are Aristotle, Archimedes, Thales, Gorgias, Euclid, Plato, Hippocrates, and Pytnagorus. Aristotle believed that things of any variety have characteristic function. Thales believed that the world originated from water. Gorgias believed in making the weak stronger. Some of the things that they wrote were the Odyssey, the Illiad, and the Republic. The ancient Greece philosophers tried to answer important questions like: What is wisdom, What is beauty, and What is the write thing to do. The people and government in ancient Greece were scared of the philosophers.

Ancient Greek Philosophy is still used in todays society, we still see doctors using the Hippocratic Oath. We still use some of the math skills like pie, pythogorium, and thereum like they used to do. We also still do geometry like the ancient Greeks did.

Sports

The only people in ancient Greece who played sports were men and they had to be from Greece. Some of the sports that they played were boxing, weight lifting, wrestling, long jumping, and chariot racing. Men, gods, unmarried women, and government officials were people who watched sports in ancient Greece. The athletic competition developed in ancient Greece because they believed that the gods liked men who played sports. The ancient Greeks feel that athletes are heroes. They made statues of them and parades and they got free meals for a year.

Three ways that ancient Greek sports is reflected on todays society is that we have the Olympics today. We also have many of the same events that they had in ancient Greece like javelin, running, shot-put, long jump, and horse racing. At county fairs we see horse racing.