In the Indian Ocean Marine turtles are extremely endangered but also all around the world.
The Marine turtles are slaughtered for their eggs, destruction and accidental capturing in fishing gear such as a net or a fishing hook.
Temperature and Climates
The climate change impacts on the turtles nesting place: it then affects the gender of the hatchlings. All stages of a marine turtle’s life are affected by some environment conditions such as temperature and the gender of offspring. Unusual warm temperatures are caused by the climate changes that are interrupting the normal ratios resulting fewer male hatchlings.
Warmer sea surface temperatures can also lead to loosing the importance of the grounds for marine turtles, while increasing severe storms and sea level rise can destroy their nesting places.
WWF is committed to stop the suffrage of the marine turtles and to work for the recovery of the marine turtle species: meat, skin and shells. They also face habitat destruction. The WWF places satellite tags on marine turtles in many areas around the world. The information collected from the tags helps to make a better management for their conservation strategy such as creating more marine protected areas for nesting.
- Marine turtles explore between the lands and the sea. They swim thousands of miles during their long lifetimes, exposing them to countless threats. They wait for ever until they can reproduce, returning to the same beaches where they were born to lay their eggs. A few of which will yield hatchlings that survive their first year of life. Beyond these natural challenges, marine turtles face multiple threats caused by humans.
Marine turtles continue to be harvested both for human use and trade of their parts. Many people use turtle meat and eggs for a food source. Some also kill turtles for medicine and religious ceremonies. Over thousands of marine turtles are lost this way each year. The killing of turtles for markets continues as well. While international trade in all marine turtle species and their parts are prohibited under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna.
- Marine Turtles maintain the health of sea grass beds and coral reefs that benefit the valuable species such as shrimp, lobster and tuna.