Renaissance Artist (1445-1510)
Education and Training
When he returned home, his career thrived. Botticelli created some of his most important religious paintings during this time, though they are now all destroyed.
The 1490's were trouble for Florence. There were religious, economic, and political issues. During the 1490's, Botticelli began his illustrations for Dante's Commedia that he worked on until his death in 1510.
Three of his Paintings:
His Major Patrons
- Guaspare Lami
- Lorenzo (de) Medici
- Piero Pollaiuolo
- Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco
secularism - includes prominent public figures like Adoration of the Magi
naturalism - includes nature & paganism, and puts detail into line and form like Primavera
In this piece, Botticelli uses color to help distinguish each characters' personality. Like in most classical pieces, he focuses on elegance–the dresses the ladies are wearing–and symmetry–there are four people on each side of the painting, three women towards the center and then a man on either side.
This piece is classified as classicism because, like I mentioned above, it includes major details on elegance, symmetry, and form.
In this painting, there are six women and two men, along with a cupid-like figure above, in a forest full of what looks like orange trees. On the right side of the painting, a woman in a flower patterned dress with a crown looks like she is collecting flowers in the folds of her dress.
The woman closest to her dressed in white, is being grabbed by a man from above. He looks different from the rest of the characters.
On the left side there is a group of three women also in the same white dresses, that look like they are dancing. A man in red with a sword and a helmet stands near them with his arm raised. The flying baby has an arrow pointed towards the three women.
In the center there is a woman with a red cloak draped over her shoulder. The trees behind her kind of form a frame around her and it draws to attention to her.
I find this piece interesting because of the characters. One can come up with many different stories about what they think is occurring, but of course, only Botticelli knows for sure.