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Appetizer-Delicious Key Terms

Dialect-A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.Isogloss-A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.Language-A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning. Language Branch-A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand year ago. Differences are not as extensive or as old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can comfirm that the branches derived from the same family. Language Family- A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history. Language Group-A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differneces in grammer and vocabulary. Lingua Franca-A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.Literary Tradition- A language that is writted as well as spoken.Official Language- The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.Standard Language-The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.