Civil Rights Era

Ten most important events by Kasey Tucker

14th Amendment

On July 9, 1868 the 14th Amendment was passed. This amendment granted citizenship to all persons who were born or naturalized in the United States. This also included former slaves who had been freed.

Plessy v. Ferguson Decision

In 1896 the Plessy v. Ferguson Decision ruled for "separate but equal" facilities because they were constitutional under the "equal protection" clause in the 14th amendment.

Executive Order 9981

On July 28 1948, President Truman signed the Executive Order 9981. This established equality of treatment and opportunity in the Armed Services.

Brown v. Board of Education Topeka Case

On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court banned segregation in all public schools in the United States.

Rosa Parks

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat for a white man in Montgomery, Alabama. This ultimately led to a bus boycott by the black community.


The Southern Christian League Conference was established by Martin Luther King, JR. in February of 1957. It aimed to mobilize the vast power of the black churches on behalf of black rights.

Montgomery Bus System desegregates

Caused by the bus boycott led by Rosa Parks and other blacks, the Montgomery Bus System desegregated on December 21, 1956.

Little Rock Central High School

In September of 1957, the Central High School board voted on school integration.

Four black students are refused service

On February 1, 1960, four black students at the North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College staged a sit-in at a lunch counter where they were refused service.

Freedom Riders

Freedom Riders, who were student volunteers, began testing state laws prohibiting segregation on buses and railroad stations on May 1, 1961.