Vocabulary Lesson 3 Presentation

Daksh Desai

FILL IN THE BLANK

The _____________ found that appealing to people's desires hid his hatred for rational ideas, so he raised campaign funds by lowering gas prices.
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THE WORD

demagogue (n.)


a leader or agitator who appeals to people's passions and prejudices rather than to their reason


- They exploit a weakness in democracy because they know power lies in the people, and if the demagogues can persuade the people, then they have power.


ITS ROOTS


demos (G.) "people"

- Also comes from the verb "ago" meaning carry/manipulate, thus meaning "people's manipulator"

DEMAGOGUES IN HISTORY

SYNONYMS

  • rabble-rouser
  • agitator
  • firebrand
  • fanatic
  • rebel

ANTONYMS

  • appeaser
  • Not many antonyms but it could be anyone who does not exploit the power of the people
  • One who focuses more on their reason, not passions and prejudices

CHOOSE THE LETTER OF THE SENTENCE IN WHICH THE WORD IN BOLD-FACED TYPE IS USED INCORRECTLY.

a) The demagogue's emotional speech made citizens donate millions of dollars for the hungry.

b) Once you are in office, you do not want to be considered a demagogue who does not believe in rational ideas.

c) The demagogue child made all the kids at the playground follow him.

d) Only a demagogue could persuade so many people to rebel against authority.