The Bactrian Camel
And Why It Should Not Become Extinct
About the Bactrian Camel 🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫🐫
Bactrian camels are extremely impressive creatures. They have not one, but two humps to store fat which can be converted to water and energy when sustenance is not available. These humps give these camels their legendary ability to endure long periods of travel without water, even in harsh desert conditions!
Bactrian camels have impressive adaptations to help them survive under brutal conditions. For example, they have a shaggy coat that protects them in winter and falls away as seasons change and temperatures rise. Bactrians rarely sweat, helping them conserve fluids for long periods of time. In winter, plants may yield enough moisture to sustain a camel without water for several weeks.
When camels do refill, however, they soak up a lot of water. A very thirsty camel can drink up to 30 gallons in just 13 minutes!
In addition to all of this, Bactrians' nostrils close to keep sand at bay, and their bushy eyebrows and two rows of long eyelashes protect their eyes. Big, flat footpads help them navigate the rough rocky terrain and shifting desert sands without sinking under their own massive bulk or the weight of heavy packs, which is why they're so useful with transportation!
Big, Flat, Footpads
Help to vanguard through rocky terrain without sinking under their heavy weight.
Long Eyelashes and Bushy Eyebrows
Used to protect the Bactrian Camel's eyes.
Stores fat to be converted to water and energy, allowing them their ability to endure traveling without much sustenance.
Big, Flat, Footpads
- The only truly wild camels that still exist are Bactrian camels.
- They can run up to speeds of more than 60 km/h.
- Since they are excellent swimmers they can be taken across water bodies too.
- Bactrian camels can live up to 50 years.
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The main predator of the Bactrian camel is human beings. They are usually killed for their meat. Their meat is a delicacy for many people in the desert. Other predators of the Bactrian camel are gray wolves and the Caspian tiger. However, the Caspian tiger is extinct, but attacks on the Bactrian camel of gray wolves are increasing each year.
- Photograph by Joel Sartore, National Geographic Photo Ark. "Bactrian Camel." National Geographic. N.p., 12 Apr. 2017. Web. 16 Apr. 2017.
- "Camelus Ferus ." Camelus Ferus (Bactrian Camel, Two-humped Camel, Wild Bactrian Camel). N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2017.
- "Info." Animals Adda. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2017.
- "Wild Bactrian Camel Videos, Photos and Facts." Arkive. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2017.