Judicial Branch

everything and anything about the judicial branch

Levels of the federal court

There are three different types of levels in the federal court system. They are:

1. The U.S District courts

2. The U.S Court of appeals

3. The U.S Supreme court

Types of Jurisdiction

The Courts must have two kinds of jurisdiction to hear a case.They must have:

1. Personal jurisdiction

2. Subject matter jurisdiction

3. Original jurisdiction

4. Appellate jurisdiction


Personal jurisdiction deals with whether the court has power over the person being tried. The court has to decide if they have the right to make decisions over you.

Subject matter jurisdiction refers to whether a court can hear your case on a particular subject.

Original jurisdiction means that district courts have the authority to look over the cases first.

Appellate jurisdiction mean that the court does not have the power to look over the cases first.

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Responsibilities & characteristics of U.S district courts

They are responsible for hearing the many cases day in and day out. This is where people may come for jury duty and help the cases. Or the judges may decide the cases without a jury.However, they hear almost all of the federal cases. There are 94 federal judicial districts.They include at least on from each state. They can conduct civil or criminal cases. About every criminal or civil cases starts in the district courts.
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Responsibilities & characteristics of US court of appeals

They hear the cases that were appealed from the district courts. They are considered among one of the most influential courts in the USA. There are 179 judges in this court which was passed by congress in article three of the constitution. There are thirteen court of appeals in the US as of today.The court of appeals system was established in the judiciary act of 1891.
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responsibilities & characteristics of the Supreme Court

They deal with questions about laws that are becoming a problem in the lower courts. They are here to explain the constitution to people and interpret it for us. All other courts must follow the supreme courts rule. They are the highest in the land. They act as the final judge in most cases. However, some cases don't even make it to the supreme court.
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