Gastric Ulcers

Tatiana, Vanessa

What exactly are Gastric Ulcers?

Ulcers are painful sores that can be found in the stomach lining or small intestines. It can also be known as Peptic Ulcers.

Signs & Symptoms

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting (blood)
  • Weight Loss
  • Fatigue
  • Bloody Stool

Causes

  • Use of aspirin/ NSAIDS
  • Chronic Gastritis
  • Smoking
  • Imbalance between stomach acid and the natural defenses of stomach lining

Diagnosis

Other tests and procedures used to diagnose stomach ulcers include

  • Endoscopy
  • Barium X-Ray
  • Endoscopic Biopsy

Treatment (Non-Surgal)

  • H2 blockers: to prevent your stomach from making too much acid
  • Proton pump inhibitors: blocks the cells that produce acid
  • Over-the-counter antacids: to help neutralize stomach acid
  • Cytoprotective agents: to protect the lining of the stomach and small intestine

Treatment (Surgal)

May include:

  • removal of the entire ulcer
  • taking tissue from another part of the intestines and sewing it over the ulcer site
  • tying off a bleeding artery
  • cutting off nerve supply to stomach to reduce the production of stomach acid

Prognosis

With proper medicines and treatment (surgery) will eventually go away.