Lewis And Clark Expedition

By Taylor

Tribes

Among the Plains tribes Lewis and Clark met were the Osage, Sioux, Cheyenne, Crow, and Mandan. Upon reaching the Rocky Mountains, Lewis and Clark entered the country of the Plateau Indians. Living here were the Blackfeet, Flathead, Shoshone, Nez Perce, Spokane, and Yakima Indians.

Seaman the Dog

Seaman was a Newfoundland Dog who accompanied Lewis and Clark on the Corps of Discovery Expedition.
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The Missouri River

Having started upstream on the Missouri River from their St. Louis-area camp—where they had been preparing for the expedition since fall 1803—on May 14, William Clark and nearly four dozen other men met up with Meriwether Lewis on May 20.

Sacagawea

A teenager named Sacagawea served as an interpreter for the Lewis and Clark Expedition to the western United States. She was a Lemhi Shoshone Indian. She traveled thousands of miles through the wilderness with the explorers, from the Dakotas to the Pacific Ocean and back again. On Feb. 11, 1805, she gave birth to a son, Jean Baptiste. Sacagawea took her infant along on the expedition, which set off on April 7 on the Missouri River.

Fort Mandan

The explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark arrived at the Mandan-Hidatsa villages and built a fort there in which to spend the winter. They hired Charbonneau as an interpreter to help them speak with the various Indian peoples they would encounter on their expedition.
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Hardships

Lewis, Clark, and the rest of their expedition began their journey near St. Louis, Missouri, in May 1804. This group – often called the Corps of Discovery by historians – faced nearly every obstacle and hardship imaginable on their trip. They braved dangerous waters and harsh weather and endured hunger, illness, injury, and fatigue. Along the way, Lewis kept a detailed journal and collected samples of plants and animals he encountered.

Lengthy Trip

Expedition took 863 days, 7,689 miles the distance traveled by the expedition, through unmapped, unsettled wilderness.

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Cost

Costs of expedition: initial approved by congress $2,500. Grew to $38,722.25, 15x original amount. When you add in price of land each member received upon return as a reward, the total tops $136,000. In today’s dollars that is $126,000,000. It cost $25 billion to put a man on the moon.

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On The Way Back

The Corps of Discovery reached the Pacific Ocean in November of 1805. They built Fort Clatsop and spent the winter in present-day Oregon. On the way back in 1806, Lewis and Clark split up to explore more territory and look for faster route home. Lewis and his men faced great danger when a group of Blackfeet Indians sought to steal from the corps in late July. Two Blackfeet were killed in the ensuing conflict.
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Tragic End

Lewis died on October 12, 1809, at an inn near Nashville, Tennessee. He had been on his way to Washington D.C., at the time. Most historians believe he committed suicide while a few have contended that he was murdered. Despite his tragic end, Lewis helped change the face of the United States by exploring uncharted territory – the American West. His work inspired many others to follow in his footsteps and created great interest in the region.

Cites

“Lewis and Clark Expedition”. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.

Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 16 Feb. 2016

<http://www.britannica.com/event/Lewis-and-Clark-Expedition>.

“Lewis and Clark Expedition.” Britannica School.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2016. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.

“Lewis and Clark Expedition”. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.

Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 16 Feb. 2016

<http://www.britannica.com/event/Lewis-and-Clark-Expedition>.

“Lewis and Clark Expedition.” Britannica School.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2016. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.

“Seaman, A Newfoundland Dog Who Accompanied Lewis and Clark.” America Comes Alive. Kate Kelly, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2016. <http://americacomesalive.com/2013/08/27/seaman-a-newfoundland-dog-who-accompanied-lewis-and-clark/#.VsMjZDYrLos>.