Lyndon B. Johnson

Josh Syre

In Office: November 22, 1963 - January 20, 1969

Key Events

  • Succeeded to presidency after assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.
  • Vietnam conflict continues - 1963-1969
  • Civil Rights Act - 1964
  • Twenty-fourth Amendment ratified outlawing the poll tax - 1964
  • Medicare and Medicaid - 1965
  • Twenty-Fifth Amendment ratified; order of succession for the presidency - 1967
  • MLK, Jr. assassinated - 1968
  • Robert Kennedy assassinated - 1968
  • Pueblo Incident - 1968

Election of 1924

  • Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson beats five-term Senator of Arizona Barry Goldwater
  • Goldwater voted against the civil rights act and
  • Was a strong conservative Republican.

The Great Society

  • Set of domestic programs in the U.S. first announced by Johnson at several universities
  • Goal was elimination of poverty and racial injustice
  • Resembled the New Deal domestic agenda of FDR
  • Addressed education, medical care, urban problems, and transportation

24th Amendment

  • Passed January 23, 1964
  • Johnson was the president at the time during ratification
  • Proposes the idea that all American citizens, no matter race nor ethnicity, has the right to vote.
  • No government officials can deny the right

Tonkin Gulf Resolution and Vietnam War

  • August 7, 1964
  • Gave broad congressional approval for expansion of the Vietnam War
  • Military had designed major attacks on the North, Johnson believed that the public would not support expansion of war
  • Goldwater, Republican nominee for president at the time, criticized Johnson for not taking action

Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act

  • Civil Rights Act signed into law by Johnson on July 2nd, 1964
  • Landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the US
  • Outlawed discrimination on race, ethnicity, sex, etc.
  • Ended racial discrimination in schools and unequal application of voter registration requirements
  • Voting Rights Act signed into law by Johnson on August 6th, 1965
  • Designed to enforce the voting rights guaranteed by the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments