Sociology Semester Project

Shelby Todd, stodd18@rockets.rochester3a.net, Sophomore

Sociology Basics

Socialization is the process of learning to participate in a group. Socialization goes from how we interact with our family to how we interact with complete strangers. Socialization is important because it is how we are shaped and how we act. We act, talk, and behave how we think we should based on socialization. There are five agents of socialization. These agents are (1) family, (2) religion, (3) schools, (4) peers, and (5) media. Family affects how we socialize because we learn and interact with them the most. Family is the building blocks. Religion affects our socialization because religion tells us how we should act. Religion sets guidelines for all of our actions. Schools affect socialization because we are in an area where we will be judged for everything we do. Schools are were we start to care about what our others our age think about us. Peers affect our socialization because they are the people we are surrounded by. Peers are the people that judges us and who we judge. Media affects socialization because we are all on social media sites and we want to be popular so everyone will love us. Media is how some of us look for acceptance. Sociology of self is very important to know about. We use the Looking Glass Self to help us create a self concept. Our self concept is how we define ourselves. The Looking Glass Self is a theory we learned about. There are three parts of the Looking Glass Self; the parts are (1) we imagine how others will see us, (2) we imagine the judgement of others, and (3) we imagine the comments others will make about us. Significant others are very important to our sociology of self. Significant others are people who's opinion means more to us. Significant others can be family, friends, peers, or anyone else that we talk to. We base our actions on how we think our significant others will judge us. Socialization can take place at any age. As an child, our socialization comes from who our parents pick for us to play with. Childhood socialization is a time when we are dependent on our families. As a teenager, our socialization can come from many sources, such as school, peers, media, and/or religion. Adolescent socialization is when we start to make our own friends and depend on them more than family. As an adult and in old age, we make friends at college and work. Adult and old age socialization is when we are completely independent. When we start to die, we rely on our families. Death and dying socialization is when we become completely dependent on our families. Desocialization is the process of taking away all connections from someone. There have been multiple cases of kids who have been desocialized because of their parents. Anna was girl who went through this. Her mother feared that her presence would upset her father so she had put her in the small confining room when outside help stopped paying for her to be taken care of outside of the house. When she was found at age 6, she was seated in a chair that was tilted backwards with her hands tied above her head. After she was rescued for the first couple of days she would lay down motionless and expressionless. She died at the age of 10 but at that point she had made progress from her beginning state.

Sociology Founders

Sociology starts with its founders. There are twelve main founders that we focused on. Auguste Comte, Harriet Martineau, Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Jane Addams, W.E.B. Bu Bois, Booker T. Washington, Robert Ezra Park, George Herbert Mead, and Julian Samora were the founders of sociology we focused on. The first six founders are from Europe and the last six were from America.

A. Comte is known as the "Father of Sociology", because he was the one to come up with the term Sociology. He was also the one that determined what made sociology different from other sciences.


H. Martineau lost her hearing, taste, and smell for she reached adulthood. She translated A. Comte's book Positive Philosophy. Martineau was also an outspoken feminist who wrote Society in America. She was considered outspoken because she wanted to give women a voice and was against slavery. She was well liked in America until she started to speak against slavery.


H. Spencer was born to an school teacher and taught by his father and uncle; he was mainly taught math and science. He didn't enjoy that or the study of languages so he never went to college. His later career was a mix of writing, journalism, drafting, inventing, and engineering. He compared society to the human body. Spencer introduced the theory of Social Darwinism, the theory is that if people didn't interfere natural selection would ensure the survival of the fittest society.


K. Marx didn't consider himself to be a sociologist. His ideas greatly effect sociology today; he was very concerned with the poverty that the working class of his day was faced with and believed that class conflict would be the key to communism. He believed that the only classes left would the: the bourgeoisie- class that owning the means for producing wealth, and the proletariat- working class; works for the bourgeoisie. He believed that class conflict was the key answer to history.


E. Durkheim was born to a French rabbi; he believes that society exists from a general agreement of members of society. He was known for his ground breaking research on suicide. He thought that human social behavior must also be explained by social factors rather than just psychological factors.


M. Weber was born to a German lawyer and politician with a Calvinist mother; the conflicting views of his parents lead to a breakdown later on. He introduced the idea that we make the decisions based on our thoughts and feelings. He created the term, verstehen, which means that we are put in others people's "shoes".


J. Addams was known as one the early female social reformists of the US. She started medical college but had to drop out because she got sick. With a friend, Ellen Gates Starr, they created the Hull House. She was also very active in helping with women's rights and peace movements. She won a Noble Peace Prize in 1931, she was the first sociologist to be awarded one.


W.E.B Du Bois was an African American Educator. He was also a social activist. He went to an integrated high school In Massachusetts; he was the first African American to get a diploma there. He focused on racial issues. He moved past the US border and Pan-African border.

Sociology of Sports

We learned about how sports are unequal between the genders and races. People didn't consider female baseball an actual sport. People thought that women couldn't be as aggressive or competitive as men. People thought that women shouldn't play sports because sports were manly. In today's world women can play sports but they are still mainly ran by men. Male sport teams are more advertised and publicly known. Different races weren't very accepted in sports either. African Americans had to work extra hard to be part of a team. Robinson was the first African American to play major league baseball. He was consonantly being hated on and unaccepted. Robinson set the stage for other African Americans to play in sports. In today's world, African American males are as popular as white males.

Gender Roles

Gender plays a big part in sociology. Gender tells us how to act. Gender is how we are defined at birth. We learned about how the genders have it different. Males aren't supposed to express their feelings and they are supposed to be strong and have manly features. Females are supposed to be feminine and dependent on the males. Women were expected to marry men and take care of the family and have the cleaned and dinner on the table. Target has gotten ride of their gender titles for little kid toys. I think that ideally she should base things on gender but that's what we've been told to do. We need to think about our genders and if they are really as important as we make them seem. We learned about how most of our favorite things were gender based and how the opposite gender would be judged they were to play with them.