Symbols and Language of Haiti

Haiti vs. US

Symbols and Language

Helps people understand their world convey recognizable meanings that are shared by society.


Symbols: gestures, signs, objects, signals, and words.


Material culture- refers to the objects or belongings of a group of people. (Articles of clothing)


Non material - consists of ideas, attitudes, and beliefs of a society. (Appropriate attire for events)

Haiti's Material Culture

Objects: Mass grave site representing deaths of earthquakes.


Art: Boats and engravings, paintings, and wood.


Architecture: Many houses are huts, but buildings are simple and some have a European feel.


Music- Combines influences from Caribbean, France, Africa, and Spain to create songs in Creole.


Clothing- No particular style, but lightweight to stay cool.


Foods: 2 meals a day: small breakfast (coffee or juice, egg and bread) and large afternoon meals (lots of carbs). Rice and beans are very popular. Also sweet potatoes, mango, yams, corns, bread, and coffee.


Interests: Soccer is very big, and basketball is growing. Dancing is also a big part in Haitian life.



http://www.in.gov/isdh/files/Hatian_Culture_tip_sheet-IDMH.pdf

Haiti's Non-Material Culture

Language: Creole.


Symbols: Mass grave site representing those who lost their lives during the earthquake.


Norms: Women and men kiss each other on the cheek and hold hands regularly. Children start to work around 7 years old, and are expected to behave with immense respect toward adults.


Folkway: Using the bathroom and bathing semi-publicly due to lack of enclosed restroom areas.


Values: Finding or creating a job and starting to work at a young age is important to them. Marriage. They value being clean (brushing teeth and bathing heavily, especially before going on trip.)



http://www.everyculture.com/Ge-It/Haiti.html

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Non- Material

Teaching community life skills to help them survive.

Haiti's Cultural Diversity and History

Subcultures include religious groups, specially Catholicism and Voodoo.


Parts of history and collective memory include independence from Imperial Europe in 1804, and the 2010 earthquake.


220,000 dead


300,000 + injured


188,383 houses destroyed


105,000 damaged


1.5 million people homeless




http://cirrie.buffalo.edu/culture/monographs/haiti/

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Women wait for medical care. Their attire and medical care show their diversity.

Haiti Landscape

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US Material Culture

Objects: 911 Memorial remembering the lives lost.


Art: Canvas paintings, pottery, and art museums.


Architecture: Large buildings, lots of windows, very intricately designed, most houses have large foundations, usually of brick, and are one or two stories with a basement.


Music: Most of the US's music listened to is pop or country.


Clothing: Depending on where you live, the clothing styles and choices change because of climate. For example, people in the north tend to wear vests, boots, and heavier clothing to keep warm compared to people in the south or warmer regions who wear tank-tops and shorts. The clothing style can range from fashion choices made by people around you.


Food: The US has many fast food restaurants and most people eat three meals a day. Between their meals they may also have snacks. The US has a "guide" to show the healthy amounts of food and proportions based on your daily calorie intake. They show how many fruits, vegetables, grains, meats, and dairy you should consume to maintain a healthy diet.


Interests: Interests tend to change based on where you are and what is interesting to the people around you. The most common interests among school students are baseball, basketball, football, soccer, hockey, tennis, volleyball, track, golf and softball.

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US Non-Material Culture

Language: In the US, most people speak English. However, a large amount of people also speak Spanish.


Symbols: Flag of the United States of America, and The Bald Eagle.


Norms: US and Haiti do the same when it comes to relationships. They hold hands, and kiss each other on cheeks. Kids who have parents that farm, tend to start early so that in the future they can become farmers. So they use respect for the parents and listen so that they know for the future.


Folkway: Public bathrooms everywhere. They are clean, and come with clean towels, soap, and clean running water.


Values: Sanitation is important to many people. Some choose to take care of their hygiene, while other don't. We brush our teeth at least 2 times a day, shower, and change clothes daily.

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US Cultural DIversity and History

Subcultures include Christianity and various culture and religious groups.


The US consists of many different cultures, languages, and nationalities.

US Church.

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US Landscape

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Conclusion

Haiti and the US are different in many ways. When it comes to the US the terrorist did that to us for a purpose. But when it comes to Haiti's earthquake, that was a natural disaster. When it comes to Art they share the same things such as paint and wood. Architecture like houses in Haiti is made out of tin and huts. In US we have lots of windows and brick for houses. When it comes to music, when I was in Haiti, i heard some songs in Haiti that i hear in the US. But most of their music is in a different language, and most of ours are in English. When it comes to clothing, we try to dress very warm for winter, but their it is very hot and humid all year round. Rain comes every so often there and when it does come the Haitians are very happy and celebrate. The interests in Haiti are different. Soccer is played mostly in Haiti and when the professionals play, it is a very big deal and people go to watch. Dancing is very interesting in their culture, because when i went there, I showed the little girls how to dance as ballerina's and they just sat back and laughed at me, but it was understandable because they have probably seen anything like that before. They showed me various ways to moves the hips and upper body with interesting hand motions. But that is just our culture, and that is how they live. After my experience in Haiti, I learned that our cultures are different. I encourage people to go and see how they live everyday. People say how much they would love to go, but they don't think about how different it really is. You have to "pretend" you like the food or they will feel discouraged. And also when Haitians see us Americans walk into their country all they see us as is money. We taught the women how to not see us like that, and to see us as helpers. Learn to share and to not get jealous of others for what they have. I now see a big difference between Haiti's Material and Non-Material Culture, and how the US should feel blessed for what we all have.