-House made of adobe and stone, were multi-storied, apartment-like structures lived along walls of cliffs or large plazas.
-heart of civilization in chaco canyon was Pueblo bonito where there was a massive complex of more than 1000 people.
-From pueblo bonito they built roads for treading networks.
-Craftsmen made turquoise jewelry, Woven baskets, pottery.
-Heavily influenced art and architecture of late groups such as Hopi and zuni.
-Grew squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barley.
-Produces exquisite copper jewelry and fine pottery.
-Elaborate burial mounds made up of log structures coved by piles of earth.
-Built mounds some were 40 feet high and 100 feet wide.
- Artifacts found suggest extensive TRADE network.
-Adena and Hopewell both referred to as "Mound Builders"
-Had plants that used for many food and when added maize and beans had an increase in population.
-Increase in population caused need for more land.
-More land resulted in numerous cities with up to 10,000 people- largest was Cahokia.
-In center of city of Cahokia's was a mound aprox 100 feet high base of more than 14 acres.
-Surrounding this massive mound were 120 smaller mounds.