Albert Einstein

By: Marley Holmes and Dillon Scott

Early Years

Albert Einstein was born March 14, 1879 at Ulm in Wurttemberg, Germany. Einstein was slow in learning how to speak. His parents even consulted a doctor. He never talked until the age of 4. He also had a rebelliousness toward authority, which led one headmaster to expel him and another to amuse history by saying that he would never make anything of himself. His slow verbal development made him curious about ordinary things such as space and time, that most adults take for granted. But these traits helped make him a genius.
Einstein was eventually able to gain admission into the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, due to his superb mathematics and physics scores on the entrance exam. He was still required to complete his pre-university education first, and attend a high school in Aarau, Switzerland. Einstein lived with the schoolmaster's family and fell in love with Wintelers' daughter, Maric. Einstein later renounced his German citizenship and became a Swiss citizen at the dawn of the new century.

Marriage and Family

After graduating from Polytechnic, Einstein faced major challenges in terms of finding academic positions. Meanwhile, Einstein continued to grow closer to Maric, but his parents were strongly against the relationship due her ethnic background. Nonetheless, Einstein continued to see her. In 1902 the couple had a daughter, Liesel. Einstein eventually found steady work in 1902 after receiving a referral for a clerk position in a Swiss patent office. Einstein married Mileva Maric on Jan. 6, 1903. The couple went on to have two sons, Hans and Eduard. But the marriage didn't last long. They had a divorce in 1919. He had also begun an affair some time earlier with a cousin, Elsa Löwenthal. Einstein married Elsa the same year of his divorce.

Miracle year

While working at the patent office, Einstein had the time to further ideas that had taken hold during his studies at Polytechnic and his theories on what would be known as the principle of relativity. In 1905—seen by many as a "miracle year" for the theorist—Einstein had four papers published. One of the best known physics journals of the era. The four papers focused on the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, the special theory of relativity and the matter/energy relationship, taking physics in an electrifying new direction. In his fourth paper, Einstein came up with the equation E=mc2, suggesting that tiny particles of matter could be converted into huge amounts of energy, foreshadowing the development of atomic power.


In November, 1915, Einstein completed the general theory of relativity, which he considered the greatest part of his life research. He was convinced of the merits of general relativity because it allowed for a more accurate prediction of planetary orbits around the sun, which fell short in Isaac Newton’s theory, and for a more expansive, explanation of how gravitational forces worked. Einstein's assertions were affirmed through observations and measurements by British astronomers Sir Frank Dyson and Sir Arthur Eddington during the 1919 solar eclipse, and a global science icon was born.

In 1921, Einstein won the Nobel Prize for Physics. Because his ideas on relativity were still considered questionable, he received the prize for his explanation of the photoelectric effect.

Albert Einstein: Mini Biography

Final Years

On April 17, 1955, while working on a speech to honor Israel's seventh anniversary, Einstein suffered an abdominal aortic aneurysm. He was taken to the University Medical Center at Princeton for treatment but refused surgery, believing that he had lived his life and was content to accept his fate. "I want to go when I want," he stated at the time. "It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly." Einstein died at the university medical center early the next morning, April 18, 1955 at the age of 76.


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"Albert Einstein." A&E Networks Television. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.

"Albert Einstein - Biographical." Albert Einstein - Biographical. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.