By: Marley Holmes and Dillon Scott
Marriage and Family
While working at the patent office, Einstein had the time to further ideas that had taken hold during his studies at Polytechnic and his theories on what would be known as the principle of relativity. In 1905—seen by many as a "miracle year" for the theorist—Einstein had four papers published. One of the best known physics journals of the era. The four papers focused on the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, the special theory of relativity and the matter/energy relationship, taking physics in an electrifying new direction. In his fourth paper, Einstein came up with the equation E=mc2, suggesting that tiny particles of matter could be converted into huge amounts of energy, foreshadowing the development of atomic power.
In November, 1915, Einstein completed the general theory of relativity, which he considered the greatest part of his life research. He was convinced of the merits of general relativity because it allowed for a more accurate prediction of planetary orbits around the sun, which fell short in Isaac Newton’s theory, and for a more expansive, explanation of how gravitational forces worked. Einstein's assertions were affirmed through observations and measurements by British astronomers Sir Frank Dyson and Sir Arthur Eddington during the 1919 solar eclipse, and a global science icon was born.
In 1921, Einstein won the Nobel Prize for Physics. Because his ideas on relativity were still considered questionable, he received the prize for his explanation of the photoelectric effect.
"Albert Einstein." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.
"Albert Einstein - Biographical." Albert Einstein - Biographical. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.