What Are Biomes?
By: Jacky Gabriel
A biome is a community that is characterized with different plants and species of animals. It is maintained under the conditions of that region.
There are so many different types of biomes I will name some that I know of and give you some information on them.
- A desert biome is a dry area of land that contains no vegetation and is water less.
- There are four types of deserts,they are: Hot and Dry deserts, Semi Arid deserts, Coastal deserts, and Cold deserts.
- There is at least one desert in every continent except for Europe.
- There is a very low population of living things.
- The only plants that are capable of living in the desert are yuccas, sotol, and cacti.
- These plants are able to survive because they are able to conserve water.
- A grassland is an open area that is full of grass and used for grazing.
- There are two types of grassland biomes: Savanna and Temperate grasslands.
- The Savanna grassland is different from the Temperate grassland because the soil in the Savanna is layered and aren't capable of holding water.
- Animals that you might see in a Savanna grassland are: lions, hyenas, snakes, giraffes, buffalos, and lots of insects
- The Temperate grassland contain extreme weather conditions with very hot summers and very cold winters.
- Animals you might find in the Temperate grassland are: owls, hawks, deer, mice, rabbits, spiders, and foxes.
- Temperate grasslands with short grasses are called "steppes" and Temperate grasslands with tall grasses are called "prairies".
- In both types of grasslands there is moderate rainfall, not too little to cause a drought or too much to cause a flood.
- A tundra is a flat, treeless Arctic region where the subsoil is permanently frozen
- There is the Arctic Tundra and the Alpine Tundra
- The word Tundra comes from the word Tunturi which by definition tells us that its a treeless plain or a barren land.
- A tundra is a fragile, soft, biome that shrinks as the permafrost melts.
- Polar bears come out in the summer where they have they're babies.
- Animals living in the tundra have short ears and tails so they won't lose heat.
- Plants that grow in the tundra grow in groups, they are sometimes known as cushion plants
Forest Biomes: Tropical Rainforests, Temperate Forest, and Taiga Forest
- A tropical rain forest is an area with tall evergreen-leaved trees with a high annual rainfall
- The soil has little nutrients inside of it
- Animals like squirrels,frogs, and snakes can be seen roaming around this type of forest
- Rainforest affect that weather of the world
- For every second, a size of a football field of trees is cut down from the rainforest
- About 2% of the sun's sunlight hits the forest floor, meaning most o fit just hits the tree tops
- Temperate forests are formed in the northern and southern hemispheres.
- Animals that live in these forests have claws to climb the trees
- Temperate forests in Eastern Europe are dying because of acid rain
- The taiga forests are characterized with coniferous trees and run across North America and Eurasia.
- In the past the taiga had been covered with glaciers
- Wild fires help the taiga because it burns a new area where new plants can grow
- Taigas' are endangered forests due to logging
Tropical Rainforest Biome
A tropical rainforest picture
Temperate Forest Biome
A description of a Temperate forest
Taiga Forest Biome
Taiga Forest idea
Aquatic Biomes: Marine, Freshwater
- Examples of marine biomes are oceans and coral reefs. Animals found in this biome could be star fish, sharks, and tuna. The Great Barrier reef is a marine biome.
- Examples of freshwater biomes are lakes,ponds,rivers, and streams. Animals found in this biome are crabs, salmon, and tilapia worms. An example of a freshwater biome is the Amazon River.