What Are Biomes?

By: Jacky Gabriel


A biome is a community that is characterized with different plants and species of animals. It is maintained under the conditions of that region.

There are so many different types of biomes I will name some that I know of and give you some information on them.

Desert Biome

  • A desert biome is a dry area of land that contains no vegetation and is water less.
  • There are four types of deserts,they are: Hot and Dry deserts, Semi Arid deserts, Coastal deserts, and Cold deserts.
  • There is at least one desert in every continent except for Europe.
  • There is a very low population of living things.
  • The only plants that are capable of living in the desert are yuccas, sotol, and cacti.
  • These plants are able to survive because they are able to conserve water.

Grassland Biome

  • A grassland is an open area that is full of grass and used for grazing.
  • There are two types of grassland biomes: Savanna and Temperate grasslands.
  • The Savanna grassland is different from the Temperate grassland because the soil in the Savanna is layered and aren't capable of holding water.
  • Animals that you might see in a Savanna grassland are: lions, hyenas, snakes, giraffes, buffalos, and lots of insects
  • The Temperate grassland contain extreme weather conditions with very hot summers and very cold winters.
  • Animals you might find in the Temperate grassland are: owls, hawks, deer, mice, rabbits, spiders, and foxes.
  • Temperate grasslands with short grasses are called "steppes" and Temperate grasslands with tall grasses are called "prairies".
  • In both types of grasslands there is moderate rainfall, not too little to cause a drought or too much to cause a flood.

Tundra Biome

  • A tundra is a flat, treeless Arctic region where the subsoil is permanently frozen
  • There is the Arctic Tundra and the Alpine Tundra
  • The word Tundra comes from the word Tunturi which by definition tells us that its a treeless plain or a barren land.
  • A tundra is a fragile, soft, biome that shrinks as the permafrost melts.
  • Polar bears come out in the summer where they have they're babies.
  • Animals living in the tundra have short ears and tails so they won't lose heat.
  • Plants that grow in the tundra grow in groups, they are sometimes known as cushion plants

Forest Biomes: Tropical Rainforests, Temperate Forest, and Taiga Forest

Tropical Rainforest

  • A tropical rain forest is an area with tall evergreen-leaved trees with a high annual rainfall
  • The soil has little nutrients inside of it
  • Animals like squirrels,frogs, and snakes can be seen roaming around this type of forest
  • Rainforest affect that weather of the world
  • For every second, a size of a football field of trees is cut down from the rainforest
  • About 2% of the sun's sunlight hits the forest floor, meaning most o fit just hits the tree tops

Temperate Forest

  • Temperate forests are formed in the northern and southern hemispheres.
  • Animals that live in these forests have claws to climb the trees
  • Temperate forests in Eastern Europe are dying because of acid rain

Taiga Forest

  • The taiga forests are characterized with coniferous trees and run across North America and Eurasia.
  • In the past the taiga had been covered with glaciers
  • Wild fires help the taiga because it burns a new area where new plants can grow
  • Taigas' are endangered forests due to logging

Aquatic Biomes: Marine, Freshwater


  • Examples of marine biomes are oceans and coral reefs. Animals found in this biome could be star fish, sharks, and tuna. The Great Barrier reef is a marine biome.


  • Examples of freshwater biomes are lakes,ponds,rivers, and streams. Animals found in this biome are crabs, salmon, and tilapia worms. An example of a freshwater biome is the Amazon River.