Drama IDEA Vocabulary

Kendra Petrea

Aside

Definition: A remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play

Sentence: This type of literature can also happen in movies or television shows like, Keeping up with the Kardashians, when some of the characters make an aside on something that happens.

Example: In Macbeth, there is an aside through his speech which announces that Macbeth would attack MacDuff’s castle and kill his family.

Foil

Definition: A person or thing that contrasts with and so emphasizes and enhances the qualities of another

Sentence: A foil to me would be the people I hang around with because, they can influence me in a positive or negative way.

Example: In “Julius Caesar,” Cassius is a foil to Brutus and Brutus is a foil to Antony when they are talking about killing Caesar.

Pun

Definition: A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings

Sentence: A pun is most likely the start of a joke or the punchline of a joke.

Example: An example of a pun would be, "Why are fish so smart? Because they live in schools."

Monologue

Definition: A long speech by one actor in a play

Sentence: A monologue is a speech that shows emotion in the words or the thoughts that the speaker feels, like when Martin Luther King gave the I Have a Dream speech.

Example: The Lovesong of J. Alfred Prufrock by T.S Eliot is an entire poem of monologue explaining the causes of pain and suffering of an insecure young man.

Soliloquy

Definition: An act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers

Sentence: A soliloquy could happen to anyone because you just say whatever pops into your head.

Example: An example of Soliloquy is in the play, Hamlet by William Shakespeare, “To be, or not to be–that is the question: Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune …………………………………………….”

Tragedy

Definition: A play dealing with tragic events and having an unhappy ending, esp. one concerning the downfall of the main character

Sentence: A tragedy happens in a lot of action plays like Macbeth, which involves a war and the planning of murdering the main characters.

Example: An example of a tragedy would be Romeo and Juliet because their love story is forbidden and they end up taking their own lives together.