- Domain eukarya-This domain contains eukaryotic cells. These animals are unicellular, multicellular, and have a nucleus. Cell division occurs by mitosis.
- Kingdom animalia-The animals in this kingdom are all heterotrophes and it does not contain prokaryotes. They are all multicellular.
- phylum chordata-All animals have a notochord at some part of development, animals have bilateral symmetry and all animals have an endoskeleton.
- Subphylum vertebrata-Animals blood contains hemoglobin and a well developed body cavity system. Movements are provided by muscles attached to endoskeleton.
- Class reptilia-Animals here have a 3 or 4 chambered heart horny epidermal scales, paired limbs with 5 toes, and lungs instead of gills.
- Order squamata-Animals here have flexibility between the bones of the back of the skull, teeth are set in the inner side of the jaw which are replaced from time to time. There is loss of the belly and ribs.
- Genus python-Pythons here are constrictors that means that they wrap around there prey until the prey cant breath, this group of pythons do not have fangs, and unlike other snakes python has two lungs.
- Species-python molurus
this is just a python slithering it's skin helps it blend in
Indian Pythons geographic range is around asia
baby pythons hatching
baby indian pythons that have hatched pythons look different when they are born than when they are mature.
Weight-The python weighs up to 137 kg (300 lbs), but the average weight is between 70-129 lbs. P. molars bivitatus is the heavier group and the P. molurus is the smaller and lighter.
Length-Python can grow up to 7.6 m (about 25 feet), but the longest python that was discovered was 21 feet. There may be rare ones up to 30 feet that have been observed.
Colors-As snakes mature they do change color within the species. There is a color difference between a male and a female Indian python. Indian pythons are either darkly colored with shades of brown rectangles on a black background, ( P. molurus bivitatus) or light colored with tan triangles on cream background( P. molars, molurus.
Life span-Indian pythons can live an average between 20 to 30 years.
Geographic range-The Indian python habitat can be found across the lower half of the Asian continent. P. molurus molurus can be found in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Nepal. P. molurus bivitatus can be found from Myanmar eastward across southern Asia through China and Indonesia. It is not present on the island of Sumatra.
Habitat-The Indian python lives in river valleys, woodlands, rain forests, scrub lands, grassy marshes, and many more places. There must be a water source nearby. It prefers very damp terrain. The habitat must look like it has a sufficient cover. Average January temperature of the regions where pythons live are above 9.3 degrees Celsius. There are some populations that live in areas with average January temperatures as low as -0.5 degrees Celsius. The average of precipitation in the area is more than 0.5 cm in January.
Diet- The Indian python can eat animals that are bigger than them such as antelopes, leopards(that are smaller). as well as birds, rats, pigs, monkeys and even deer. The usually hunt at night which makes them nocturnal. They find their pray by its scent , body movement and body heat. They locate their prey, catch them and coil themselves around it suffocating and crushing the prey to death. Their favorite meal is mammals. If they have a heavy meal, snakes can survive up to 2 years without food.
Predators- A common predators are humans. Pythons are endangered species and classified as "Near Threatened" on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. They are killed for their skin, meat of by some populations for medical purposes. Other predators include eagles and crocodiles.
General facts- Python skin is used to make boots, belts, wallets , meat and medication. The decrease in their population is also greatly due to the destruction of their habitat by agriculture development. Pythons are protected by the Tamil Nadu Government. At this point trade is prohibited and illegal.