Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD)
Aidan Arnold & Caelan Behn
What is LSD?
LSD is a hallucinogenic drug, produced from Lysergic Acid Diethylamide. LSD is made from a fungus called Ergot Fungus. This fungus can be found on rye along with other grains. LSD is one of the most potent chemicals that cause alterations in awareness and perceptions. People have reported experiencing visions and hallucinating while using LSD (Foundation for a Drug Free World).
Fig. 1 (Drug Enforcement Administration)
How is it used in medicine/ medical field?
LSD was used in the medical field of therapeutic research during the 1960's. The patients were using the drug recreationally. Many psychiatrist believed that LSD would be the main cure for many mental illnesses, and they would give them 50 micrograms (which is 0.00005 grams) every session. (Teen Health and Wellness)
How is LSD Administered?
LSD is mostly common taken through ingestion through the mouth. The white odorless, crystalline powder is dissolved into a liquid and soaked into blotter paper. The paper is then cut into quarter inch squares. These doses are usually called tabs, trips, hits, or doses. LSD is usually $2-$5 per dose. LSD can also be taken orally in the form of pills and capsules but is mostly sold and administered through tablets (National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens).
What are the physical effects? How long do they last?
The physical reactions of LSD are increase in heartbeat, body temperature, blood pressure and this would take in affect in 30-90 minutes and last up to eight hours. The physical effects it would leave are, sleeplessness, dry mouth, goose bumps, loss of appetite. It would also have many mental effects, such as delusions, fear of loosing control, panic attacks, and flashbacks. (Drug Free World)
What is the tolerance/ withdrawal/ overdose of LSD?
LSD is not an addictive drug and the withdrawal doesn't make any physical after affects. The users might affect a flash back of using the drug. People can become physchlogically be addicted to the drug. The user will not be addicted the longer they take their next dose which is usually the opposite. (Teen Health and Wellness)
What are the laws on LSD?
LSD is considered to be a schedule 1 drug. This means any possession, creation, and distributing of LSD is a criminal act. LSD was first declared a schedule 1 drug in 1970 after a lot of negative publicity concerning LSD. Currently LSD is illegal in all 50 states. The first offense for possession of LSD is one year in prison and a 1,000 dollar fine, the second offense for possession of LSD is two years in prison and a 2,500 dollar fine. The severity of punishment for possession increases after each offense. Any possession of more then 9 grams of LSD, is considered intent to distribute. This is punishable by 40 years in jail and a 2,000,000 dollar fine. People who are convicted of violating the laws concerning schedule 1 dugs like LSD, may be prohibited from working in certain work forces. Such as the educational work force and the health care field (England).
What support system exist for those addicted to this substance?
There are currently rehab programs located all around the United States to help addicts recover from LSD along with other drug abuse. Most programs can be tailored to fit individuals needs. Many of these programs have inpatient care and outpatient care. Inpatient care is when the individual goes to a rehab center and stays there for the duration of their treatment. Outpatient care is just like inpatient care, but these individuals do not stay at the rehab center for the duration of their treatment. These rehab programs are designed to help individuals quit using their drug and continue staying off the drug. These programs mostly follow the typical 12 step program. For LSD the two most important steps are detoxifications, where the individuals eliminate all trace of LSD from their body and system. The other step is psychotherapy, where individuals work to become no longer mentally addicted to LSD. Since LSD isn't physically addicting more time is spent on overcoming the mental addiction. After individuals have successfully overcome their addiction to LSD, they will be assigned a sponsor who will continue to help them avoid and stay off the drug after they graduate from rehab. There are programs such as weekly group meetings in place to help individuals stay clean and avoid drug abuse (Wagener).
Video Of LSD On The Brain
What Does LSD Do To Your Brain? - Brit Lab