Brazil : World Cup

Brazil's History of Soccer

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Brazil's Flag

The national flag of Brazil (Portuguese: Bandeira do Brasil) is a blue celestial globe depicting a starry sky spanned by a curved white equatorial band with the national motto ORDEM E PROGRESSO (Order and Progress) inscribed, within a yellow rhombus, on a green field. Brazil officially adopted this design on November 19, 1889, replacing the flag of the second Empire of Brazil. The flag's blue circle currently has 27 white five-pointed stars to represent the union's federated units – each star representing a specific State, plus one for the Federal District

History & Background of Soccer in Brazil

Brazil's soccer history begins in the late 19th century, when the sport was picked up from Englishmen who were there at the time.

In 1888 the first Brazilian soccer club was formed in the city of Sao Paulo, though at this point the club was still pretty much made up of Englishmen. The sport struggled to get any where in Brazil at these early stages. The national team (mainly comprised from just a couple of the major soccer clubs) finally played its first game in 1914. Still most would say that the history of soccer in Brazil really starts in 1930, with their first appearance in the World Cup.

Pele lead the Brazilian national team to two huge World Cup wins in a row in 1958 and 1962, and lead the team to another win in 1970!

History of Soccer Overall

1863 : October 26 of 1863, the Football Association was formed when eleven London schools and clubs came together at the Freemason's Tavern to establish a single set of rules to administer any football match that were to be played among them. On December 8 1863 , Association Football and Rugby Football finally split onto two different organizations. Later in the year, the first ever soccer match was played on Barnes common at Mortlake, London on 19th December 1863 between Barnes Football Club and Richmond Football Club. The game ended in a 0-0 draw.


1869 : The Football Association rules were further amended to exclude any handling of the ball.


1872 : The first official international football match was played, between the national teams of Scotland and England, played in Glasgow Scotland. The game was played on 30 November 1872, and finished with a 0-0 draw.


1883 : The four British associations agreed on a uniform code and formed the International Football Association Board.


1885 : The first international match played by teams outside of Great Britain was between USA and Canada, played in Newark and ended with Canada winning 1-0.


1888 : Introduction of the penalty kick.


1904 : Establishment of FIFA by delegates from France, Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland at a meeting in Paris on the 21st of May.


1900 : Soccer played at the Olympic Games for the first time


1930 : In 1930, The Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) held soccer's first World Cup tournament in Montevideo, Uruguay, with 13 teams.


1932 : Soccer was taken off the program for the Olympic Games in Los Angeles, due to a controversy between FIFA and the IOC over the definition of amateur and the reluctance of many strong soccer countries to travel the US because of the expense involved.


1991 : The inaugural Women's World Cup in 1991 in China was won by the United States


1996 : The American women's team won the first-ever women's soccer event at the olympics.

Rules of Soccer

There are 17 laws of soccer according to FIFA rules.


  1. The field of play : Soccer can be played on either grass or artificial turf, but the surface must be green in color. The field must be rectangular in shape, and distinctly marked by two short goal lines and two long-touch lines. The field is divided into halves, separated by the halfway line, which runs from the midpoints of each touchline. At the midpoint of the halfway line is a marked center point surrounded by a lined center circle with a radius of 10 yards. Opposing players are not allowed to enter this circle during the possessing team’s kick-off. The length of the touch line must be greater than the length of the goal line.
  2. The Ball : A soccer ball must be spherical in shape and made of leather or another comparable medium. Its circumference must be in the range of 27 to 28 inches. This rule is only applicable for official sanctioned matches, as youth leagues often employ the use of a smaller ball that is better suited to children.
  3. The Number of Players : Matches are generally played by two teams of 11 to a side. The goalkeeper is included in the 11-player total. If a team cannot field at least seven players at match time, the game is a forfeit.
  4. The Player's Equipment : All players are required to wear a jersey, shorts, shin guards, socks and cleats. The socks must cover the shin guards entirely. If the referee deems a player’s equipment unsatisfactory, the player can be sent off until the issue is remedied.
  5. The Referee : The referee is the authority on the field, and his word is law. If you question a referee’s decision, you can be disciplined further simply for dissent.
  6. The Assistant Referee's : The assistant referees are primarily responsible for assisting the referee in performing his duties – this includes signaling with a flag when a ball goes of play, when a player is fouled, or when a player is in an offside position.
  7. The Duration of the Match : A soccer match is comprised of two 45-minute halves, with extra time added for each at the referee’s discretion. The halves are separated by a half-time period not to exceed 15 minutes. The extra time generally corresponds with the referee’s determination of how much time was taken up due to substitutions and injuries.
  8. The Start and Restart of Play : Kick-off is generally determined by a coin toss, whereby the winning team can either choose to start with the ball or choose which goal they would like to attack. The losing team is then afforded whatever choice the winner does not elect to take.
  9. The Ball in and out of play : The ball is out of play when it fully crosses either the goal line or the touch line. It is also out of play if the referee stops play for any reason. If, for any reason, the ball strikes the frame of the goal or the referee and remains within the goal and touch lines, it is still in play.
  10. The Method of Scoring : A goal is scored when the entire ball has crossed the goal line within the frame of the goal. At the end of the match, the team with the most goals is the winner, barring the circumstantial necessity for extra time.
  11. Offside : When an attacking player receives the ball while on his opponents half, he must be level or behind the second to last defender (the last typically being the goalkeeper). However, this rule only applies if he is involved with the play. To get a better understanding of the offside rule, please see the guide section for a more detailed explanation.
  12. Fouls and Misconduct : Yellow cards are awarded as a caution or warning to a player and can be issued for the following offenses: Unsporting behavior
  • Dissent by word or action
  • Persistent infringement of the Laws of the Game
  • Red cards are used to send a player off the field, and can be issued for the following offenses: Serious foul play
  • Violent conduct
  • Spitting at an opponent or any other person etc...


13. Free Kicks : Free Kick is broken into two categories, direct and indirect. A direct kick can be shot directly into the opponent’s goal without touching another player. An indirect free kick is indicated by the referee raising his hand during the kick. An indirect kick can only go into the goal if it has subsequently been touched by another player before it enters the goal. The ball must be stationary for both types of kicks


14. Penalty Kick : A penalty kick is awarded either when a defensive player fouls an attacking player or commits a handball in his/her team’s penalty area. The penalty kick is placed at the penalty spot, and all players on both teams must remain outside the penalty box during the shot. They may enter the box immediately after the shot is taken. The goalkeeper may move horizontally along the goal line before the shot is taken, but he may not come off the line until the ball is struck.

15. Throw In : A throw-in is awarded when the possessing team plays the ball out of bounds over the touchline. While taking a throw-in, a player must release the ball with both hands simultaneously and keep both feet firmly planted on the ground. If these conditions are not met, play is stopped and the throw-in is given to the opposing team. Players are not allowed to score directly off a throw-in

16. Goal Kick : A goal kick is awarded when the offensive team plays the ball out of bounds over the defensive team’s goal line. After the ball is out of play, the defender or goalkeeper may place the ball anywhere within the six-yard goal box and kick the ball back into play.

17. Corner Kick : A corner kick is awarded to the offensive team when the defensive team plays the ball out of bounds over its goal line. The ball is placed within the corner area and is kicked back into play by the offensive team. Players can score directly off a corner kick.

How Soccer Is Played/ Positions


    The game is played using a spherical ball of 68.5–69.5 cm (27.0–27.4 in) circumference, known as the football (or soccer ball). Two teams of eleven players each compete to get the ball into the other team's goal (between the posts and under the bar), thereby scoring a goal.


    Positions : Forwards


    Forwards play closest to the opponent's goal. Sometimes they are called strikers or attackers. Their main job is offense and to score goals. In general, forwards must be fast and able to dribble the ball well.


    Wing Forward

    A wing forward plays to the right or the left of the field. Their primary job is to dribble the ball quickly up the sidelines and then center the ball with a pass to the center forward. Wing forwards can also shoot on goal if they get a break away or get a clean shot when coming up the sidelines.

    Wing forwards should practice their speed and learn how to get an accurate pass to the center of the field with a defender on them. Left wing forwards need to be able to make a center pass with their left foot. Practicing speed dribbling and then passing the ball to the center will help you in playing this position.


    Center Forward or Striker

    The center forward's job is to score goals. They should be fast and aggressive and be able to get the ball past the goalkeeper. They need to be able to dribble the ball well, but also to move well without the ball to get open for a pass. Other good skills for center forwards include size, strength, and the ability to head the ball.

    If you want to be a center forward, you should practice shots on goal. Being able to make a shot from any angle and even with a single touch (directly from a pass) will help you greatly at this position.


    Midfielders


    Just like their name sounds, midfielders play mostly around the middle of the field. Sometimes they are also called halfbacks or linkmen. Midfielders usually have both offensive and defensive responsibility. They need to be able to dribble and pass the ball up to the forwards as well as help to break up the opponent's attack.

    To excel at the midfield position a player must be able to transition. Transition is when a player receives a pass from a defender, turns the ball up-field, and then passes the ball to a forward. Other good skills for this position include great ball control, quickness, and the ability to run long distances. Midfielders have to run the most, but they also generally have the ball the most, too.


    Center Midfielder

    Perhaps the most important soccer position besides the goalkeeper is the center midfielder. This player is usually the leader of the team, like a point guard in basketball or the quarterback in American football. Depending on the team strategy, the center midfielder may be heavily involved in the attack and considered a striker, shooting goals from a long distance. They may also be defensive minded, dropping back and helping the defenders.


    Defenders

    The defender positions, or fullbacks, in soccer play closest to their own goal and are tasked with stopping the other team from scoring. Defenders must be strong and aggressive. They don't need to dribble as well as other positions, but they do need to be able to tackle well. They also need to have a strong kick where they can clear the ball away from the goal. A key skill for a defender is holding ground. This is where the defender stays between the player with the ball and the goal and slows them up disrupting the opponent's offense.


    Sweeper


    Some soccer teams have a sweeper position on defense. This player is often the last line of defense behind the fullbacks. It's the sweepers responsibility to pick up any undefended or unmarked player that enters into the penalty area.



    Right, Left, or Center

    For many soccer positions there is a right, left, and center version. Generally a left footed player will play the left position and a right footed player the right. A player that can play and dribble in traffic is usually good for the center position

Soccer Field / Dimensions

The pitch is rectangular in shape. Pitch measurements : Not all pitches are the same size, though the preferred size for many professional teams' stadiums is 105 by 68 metres (115 yd × 74 yd) with an area of 7,140 square metres (1.76 acres)
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Brazil's National Anthem

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SyyOahYXhUQ


Facts : The National Anthem of Brazil was composed by Francisco Manuel (born in 1795 and died in 1865). The verses were written by Joaquim Osório Duque Estrada (1870-1927). This anthem is particularly warm and animated, maintaining a jovial tone. It was originally composed to be entirely orchestral for the military band of the time.

World Cup Facts

The first world cup soccer match started on July 13th, 1930. France defeated Mexico in a game of 4 to 1.

An international soccer governing body FIFA came into existence in 1904. The aim of the organization was to host championship matches between professional leagues from different nations. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) first conceived the idea of world cup soccer championship as early as 1926. The FIFA President Jules Rimet thought of an event that would fall in between the Olympics.


The World Cup is the "world's most widely viewed sporting event," it takes place every four years to determine the world champion. The World Cup is held by FIFA, the Federation Internationale de Football Association.

- The number of World Cup titles won by Pele, the most ever by a player.

- Italy has won four World Cups, the last one in 2006.

- The number of goals scored in one game by Russia’s Oleg Salenko, a record, in a 6-1 win over Cameroon in 1994.

- The total number of goals scored in a single game – a record – after Austria defeated Switzerland 7-5 in 1954.

- Cameroon was the first African country to reach the quarterfinals in 1990.

- Diego Maradona punched the ball into the net for a goal against England at the 1986 World Cup. He later dubbed it the “Hand of God.”

- “All in One Rhythm” is the official slogan of the 2014 World Cup.

- The USA’s best finish at a World Cup was third in 1930.

Year Champion Runner Up Host

1930 Uruguay Argentina Uruguay

1934 Italy Czechoslovakia Italy

1938 Italy Hungary France

1950 Uruguay Brazil Brazil

1954 West Germany Hungary Switzerland

1958 Brazil Sweden Sweden

1962 Brazil Czechoslovakia Chile

1966 England West Germany England

1970 Brazil Italy Mexico

1974 West Germany Holland West Germany

1978 Argentina Holland Argentina

1982 Italy West Germany Spain

1986 Argentina West Germany Mexico

1990 West Germany Argentina Italy

1994 Brazil Italy USA

1998 France Brazil France

2002 Brazil Germany Korea/ Japan

Work CIted

Brazil facts. (2016). Retrieved from http://www.brazilflag.facts.co


Brazil.(2016). Retrieved on March 17th, 2016 from http://brazil.org.za


Nelson,Ken.(2016).Soccer:Postions.Duckters. Retrieved on March 17th, 2016 from

http://www.duckters.com/sports/soccer/positions.php


Pavao,P.(2014).The history of soccer from beginning to end. Retrieved on March 18th, 2016

from http://www.history of soccer.org


USsoccerplayers.(2016). Retrieved on March 18th, 2016 from http://ussoccerplayers.com