Estados Unidos Mexicanos (Mexico)

Tyler Nguyen

Government and Economy

Mexico has a federal republican government. Their president's name is Enrique Peña Nieto. The Mexican currency is the Mexican Peso. One US dollar is equivalent to about 17.43 Mexican Pesos. The Mexican GDP in 2015 was 2.22 trillion in US dollars.

Tourism and location

Mexico is located south of Texas, USA, east of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, west of the Pacific Ocean and is north of Belize and Gautemala. Most international tourists flock to cities on the Yucatan Peninsula like Playa de Carmen and Cancun. Another popular destination is Cozumel, an island of the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. On most days, you can see Cozumel from Riviera Maya, an area stretching on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. You can see the Mayan ruins of Chichen Itza, which is driving distance from most Yucatan beach resorts. In Mexico City, the capital, you can still see Aztec walls and foundations in the buildings.

Culture

Most Mexicans are descended from natives living in Mexico like the Olmecs, Aztecs and the Mayans. Many have Spanish genes in them because some colonists interbred with the native population. Almost all of Mexico speak Spanish because the Spaniards colonized Latin America in the 14th century. A lot of Mexican dishes have beans and rice in them.

History

The first Spaniards to arrive in Mexico was a group of spainish men lead by conquistador Hernan Cortés in 1519. His party destroyed the Aztec civilization. After the spainish conquered Mexico, it was mostly peaceful. After the American and French Revolutions, many spainish colonies decided to revolt and declare independence. Mexico fought a war with Miguel Hildago and Agustin de Itur Binde leading the Mexicans. In 1821, Mexico was finally independent from Spain for the first time in 300 years.

Learn Spanish!

Here are some essentials.


Please- por favor

Why?- ¿por qué?

Hi- hola

Beans-frijoles

Rice-arroz

Goodbye-adios

Friend-amigo(a)

I like________- me gusta______

Day-día

Night-noche

Meat-carne

Water-agua


Fun facts

1. Instead of mourning the dead, the Mexicans have a holiday to revel death called día de los muerta.


2. In spainish, You say adjectives after the noun, unlike in English. Ex. Los frijoles rojos (The red beans)


3. There is a giant impact crater on the Yucatan pensula. It dates back 65 million years ago. Scientists believe it finished off the dinosaurs.

Sources

Marcello Nerya

CIA world fact book

Google maps

Google earth

Ms. Bradcovich's classwork

Google images